Person - Almoina Mateos, José (1903-1960)

Almoina Mateos, José (1903-1960)




Preferred form:

Almoina Mateos, José (1903-1960)Other forms

Fechas de existencia:

Lugo (España)  1903-06-21 - Ciudad de México (México)  1960-05-04


He was a Spanish teacher, writer and postman in exile. He was born in Lugo in 1903 and was the son of a military doctor that died in 1914. He finished high school in Lugo and, then, he moved to Santiago to study at the Faculty of Philosophy and Arts as well as at the Faculty of Education. He competed in an exam for a position in the post office and won a place in 1921. He worked there until 1929. He started to belong to a Freemasonry in1928 under the symbolical name of "Deseo" as well as to the lodges of "Lucus nº 5" in Lugo and "Vicus nº6" and "Vicus nº 11" in Vigo, where he reached the third rank. He entered the Socialist Group in Benavente on the 1st of September 1931. He was candidate of the PSOE (Spanish Socialist Party) in Zamora for the general elections of 1933 but he was not elected. Between October 1934 and March 1936, he was stationed as the chief of the post office in Alcaudete (Jaén) because of his participation in the revolution of October 1934. In April 1936, he was chosen PSOE's elector in Zamora for the elections of the Republic's new president (Manuel Azaña). When the war broke out, he was in Asturias, so he could not be detained. His wife, Pilar Fidalgo Carasa, who was a pregnant national teacher, was detained on the 20th of July, where she spent six months after giving birth. She ran into Audelino González Villa there. Almoina moved from Asturias to Santander and, later, worked at the Spanish Consulate in Bordeaux. He went into exile in the Dominican Republic with his wife and his son on board the Flandre. He was named teacher of the Dominican Diplomatic School belonging to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in 1940. He was also professor at the Faculty of Philosophy and Arts at the University of Santo Domingo in 1943 and professor at the National School of Fine Arts since 1944. In addition, he was the preceptor of Trujillo's eldest son and was in charge of the dictator's particular secretary. At the same time, he began to publish several articles and books about the Erasmism. He moved to Mexico because of health problems in 1946 but he returned. He exiled for good in March 1947 together with his wife and three children. He wrote several books between 1949 and 1950, such as "Una satrapía en el Caribe". It was edited in Guatemala, printed in Mexico and signed by Gregorio R. Bustamante. It was a denunciation against Trujillo's dictatorship and it was attributed to his old secretary. Jesús Galíndez, a dictator's critic, disappeared in 1956. Almoina stayed in Mexico, where he published several papers about Spanish art and culture between the 16th and 19th centuries. However, he was still pressured and "controlled" by Trujillo. In fact, he died violently in Mexico on the 4th of May 1960 after informing his friends and relatives that he felt someone was following him. He was knocked down by a car in the city centre, from which two armed individuals got out and finished him off at close range when he was lying on the floor.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

República Española, 1931-1939

Description: Empleado en el Consulado Español de Burdeos.



Profesores  Obs.:  Universitario


Guatemala in 1949 Obs.:  Lugar donde se editan uno de sus libros

España in 1956 Obs.:  Cultura española, protagonista de sus obras.

Lugar de Llegada:

Ciudad de México (México) in 1947-03-25

Lugar de Residencia:

Santiago de Compostela (A Coruña, España) in 1920

Lugar de Residencia:

Vigo (Pontevedra, España) in 1928

Lugar de Residencia:

Benavente in 1931

Zamora in 1933 Obs.:  Candidato del PSOE por Zamora en la Elecciones de 1933

Lugar de Residencia:

Alcaudete (Jaén, España) between 1934-10-01 and 1936-03-31

Lugar de Residencia:

Asturias (España) in 1936-07-01

Lugar de Residencia:

Santander (Cantabria, España) in 1936

Lugar de Residencia:

Burdeos (Gironda, Francia) in 1939

Lugar de Llegada:

República Dominicana in 1939-07-11

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Lugo (España) in 1903-06-21

Lugar de Defunción:

Ciudad de México (México) in 1960-05-04


. Boletín del Archivo General de la Nación: BAGN. Año LXXV. Volumen XXXVIII. Número 135..(texto completo)

Related Authorities

Family relationships :

Fidalgo Carasa, Pilar (1903-?)  - Marriage (Esta casado/a con)

Carasa Hevia, Hilaria (1867-?)  - Collateral (Es yerno/nuera de)

González Villa, Audelino (1901-1984)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Associative relations :

Partido Socialista Obrero Español  ( Es miembro de )

Sociedad Estatal Correos y Telégrafos (España)  ( Es empleado en/trabaja en )

External Links

Diccionario biográfico del PSOE:

Fundación Pablo Iglesias. Archivo


Producer of:

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