Palmira Pla
Person - Pla Pechovierto, Palmira (1914-2007)

Pla Pechovierto, Palmira (1914-2007)




Preferred form:

Pla Pechovierto, Palmira (1914-2007)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Cretas (Teruel, España)  1914-03-31 - Castelló de la Plana (Castellón, España)  2007-08-27


Spanish politician, teacher and pedagogue. In 1927 she began her teaching studies at the Teaching School of Teruel, obtaining the degree of teacher in July 1936. In 1931 she joined Juventudes Socialistas (Socialist Youth) and she taught workers of Casa Pueblo of Teruel. From 1935 she was a member of the Federation of Teaching Workers of the Unión General de Trabajadores (UGT/General Union of Workers). That year she held the position of teacher in Rubielos de Mora (Teruel) and later in a school in the Teruel capital. During the Spanish Civil War she worked as a teacher and as delegate of the School Colonies of Aragon and she took care of organizing the children's colonies in Graus, Benasque, Estadilla, and Puigcerdá. At the end of the Spanish Civil War she went into exile in France, where she was imprisioned in the refugee camp of Saint Jean du Bruel. During the Second World War she worked as a seamstress for the Nazi army. After the liberation she lived in Toulouse, where she participated as a delegate of the Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE/Spanish Socialist Worker's Party) in the First Congress held in exile in 1944. In Paris she married Adolfo Jimeno Velilla, a socialist leader in exile in 1946. They emigrated to Venezuela aboard the hospital ship 'Colomby'. In Caracas she worked at the school 'Los Caobos' and she founded the Calicanto High School in the city of Maracay, where she taught following the pedagogical system of the Institución Libre de Enseñanza. She returned to Spain in the 70s and there she worked as a teacher in Valdealgorfa (Teruel). In the first democratic elections she was elected deputy for Castellón with the Socialist Parliamentary Group of PSOE during the Constituent Parliamentary term (1977‑1979). Afterwards she taught at the Cardenal Cisneros School in Almazora (Castellón) until her retirement. In 2004 she published her biography Momentos de una vida and she created the Palmira Pla Foundation to help disadvantaged sectors.

Cortes Constituyentes, 1977-1979

Date of the event: 1977-07-13 - 1979-01-02

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

World War, 1939-1945

Date of the event: 1939 - 1945



Profession (carried on by):

Primary school teachers



(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:



It belongs to:

Spanish socialists



(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:


He/She is a:




(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:



Las mujeres parlamentarias en la legislatura constituyente. [Copia digital]. dirección y coordinación, Julia Sevilla Merino ... [et al] ; con la colaboración de Ana Aba Catoira ... [et al]. Madrid: Cortes Generales, Departamento de Publicaciones. 2006. XVIII, 532 p.. 000-06-016-2.

Related Authorities

Federación Española de Trabajadores de la Enseñanza (España)  ( He/She is a member of )

Associative relations :

Partido Socialista Obrero Español  ( He/She is a member of )

Family relationships :

Jimeno Velilla, Arsenio (1909-1991)  - Collateral (He/She is my brother-in-law/sister-in-law)


Producer of:

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