Jesús Aizpún Tuero
Person - Aizpún Tuero, Jesús (1928-1999)

Aizpún Tuero, Jesús (1928-1999)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Aizpún Tuero, Jesús (1928-1999)

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Pamplona (Navarra, España)  1928 - Pamplona (Navarra, España)  1999

History:

Spanish jurist and politician. Deputy in the Constituent Legislature and successive Legislatures until his death. His father, Rafael Aizpún, was also a jurist and politician who took part in the drafting of an Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country at the beginning of 20th century. The Aizpún family played a crucial role in establishing the business and legal network in Navarra during the Spanish dictatorship.

During the Spanish Civil War, Aizpún studied at the Capuchin School in Lecároz (Navarra) between 1938 and 1939, and then he studied at the Jesuitical School in Madrid, from 1939 to 1945. After that, he studied Law at the University of Deusto, and finally he graduated in it from the University of Zaragoza in 1950. Aizpún trained as a lawyer and a "fuero" or regional expert along with his father, defending the legal nature of Navarra both in Civil and Public Law due to the legal status of Navarra established by the Law "Paccionada" in 1841. In the Civil Law field, he was one of the signatories of the legal verdict which rejected in 1959 the proposal to establish a "Fuero Recopilado" in Navarra. Consequently, Aizpún along with some other jurists such as Juan García-Granero, developed between 1959 and 1971 some Private Compilations which finally were integrated within the Oficial Compiler Commission of Navarra. In 1973, when Franco enacted the New "Fuero", the Commission ended its work.

In the 1973 municipal elections, Aizpún was elected councillor of Baztán Valley. The same year, his brother-in-law Felipe Huarte was kidnapped by the terrorist group ETA. Thanks to the Law on Associations, he created Unión Navarra on November 1973, which was a cultural association whose name came from a political party included in the Spanish Confederation of the Autonomous Right-Wing (CEDA) in 1933. In 1974, Azpiún took part in the first Executive Committee of Partido Demócrata (Democratic Party), headed by Garrigues. Then, Partido Demócrata became a Federation, so Azpiún founded the Partido Demócrata of Navarra. As a member of the Liberal and Democratic Parties Federation, he joined Unión de Centro Democrático (Democratic Centre Union) and became a deputy after winning the 1977 general elections.

At the beginning, Azpiún defended the Law "Paccionada". However, he proposed a reform of the legal Statute to democratize the institutions and extend the autonomous power of Navarra. Azpiún finally abstained from voting on the proposal breaking out of the UCD line, so he resigned from all his offices on 30th January 1978. He negotiated again the previously cited proposal with the Government, which was passed on 26th January 1979. During these days, he left UCD and founded Unión del Pueblo Navarro or UPN, which had some elements from UCD and was made up of people from Alianza Foral Navarra (Navarra "Foral" Alliance).

Being elected deputy in the 1979 elections, he was a member of the Mixed Group at the Congress, and totally disagreed with the references to Navarra within the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country. Then, he participated in the establishment of an improved "foral" status in Navarra, which finally took place in 1982. On the October 1982 general elections, UPN along with Alianza Popular won two seats at the Congress and one seat at the Senate, and he kept the seats at the Congress until his death. Azpiún died in 1999. Until then, he played a crucial role in the alternating political power between UPN and the Socialist Party of Navarra within the "Foral" Government.

Cortes Constituyentes, 1977-1979

Date of the event: 1977-07-13 - 1979-01-02

 

Occupations

Activity:

Politicians

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Legislators in  Madrid (España)

Places

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Pamplona (Navarra, España) in 1928

Lugar de Defunción:

Pamplona (Navarra, España) in 1999

Subjects

Nationality:

Basques

Gender:

Varón

Sources

Related Authorities

Unión de Centro Democrático (España)  ( He/She is a member of )

Associative relations :

Documents

Producer of:

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