Tomás García
Person - García García, Tomás (1911-2004)

García García, Tomás (1911-2004)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

García García, Tomás (1911-2004)

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Álora (Málaga, España)  1911 - Alcaucín (Málaga, España)  2004-08-08

History:

Spanish politician, economist, and writer. Law degree from the universities of Granada and Madrid, in 1933 he became part of the Technical‑Administrative Body of the State Administration. Since 1931 he was a member of the Unión de Juventudes Comunistas de España (UJCE/Communist Youth Union of Spain). Tomás García García was also a political secretary at the Madrid University. In 1936 he joined the Juventudes Socialistas Unificadas (JSU/Unified Socialist Youth) and during the Spanish Civil War he devoted himself to the formation of JSU cadres and the creation of the Milicias de la Cultura (Culture Militias). Towards the end of the war he participated as a soldier in the People's Army of the Republic defending Catalonia and being wounded in the bombing of Figueras. At the end of the war he went into exile in France, where he was interned in the Saint‑Cyprien concentration camp in the Eastern Pyrenees. Then he moved from Bordeaux to Santo Domingo by ship, where he worked as a farmworker. From there he went to Mexico, where he remained until the end of World War II. During his stay in America he directed the magazine La Lucha de la Juventud, from which anti‑fascism was promoted among the Latin-American youth. In 1945 he participated in the foundation of the Federación Mundial de la Juventud Democrática (WFDY/World Federation of Democratic Youth) and in the Unión Internacional de Estudiantes (International Union of Students). After the World War he settled in Paris. There, he organized the Commission of Economic Studies of the PCE Central Committee (Partido Comunista de España/ Communist Party of Spain). In the V Congress of the PCE (1952) he was elected member of its Central Committee, and in the VI Congress (1956), member of the direction in which he was responsible for economic policy. He published in the PCE, Nuestra Bandera y Realidad, various studies on the National Institute of Industry (INI), the international economic crisis and the oil shock of 1973. In 1970 he returned clandestinely to Spain, settling in Madrid with the pseudonym of 'Juan Gomez'. He was arrested by the Brigada Político-Social and, at the time of his release, he returned to exile again until he came back shortly afterwards when the dictator Francisco Franco died. In the Transition he was at the top of the PCE list in the candidacy for the electoral district of Malaga in the 1977 general elections, obtaining a seat at the Congress. This position was renewed in the 1979 elections. In both parliamentary terms he was a member of the Agriculture Committee of the Congress and he participated in the drafting of the Ley de fincas manifiestamente mejorables. He was also part of the drafting committee of the Pactos de la Moncloa (Moncloa Pacts) and was Minister for Industry in the Preautonomous Board of Andalusia under the presidency of Plácido Fernández Viagas and Rafael Escuredo. He also participated in the drafting of the Andalusian Autonomy Statute. In 1982 he decided to withdraw from political activity, creating the Fundación para el Desarrollo Económico, Social y Cultural (Foundation for Economic, Social and Cultural Development) of Álora, of which he was president.

Cortes Constituyentes, 1977-1979

Date of the event: 1977-07-13 - 1979-01-02

 
Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

 

Occupations

Activity:

Politicians

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Legislators between 1977 and 1982

Profession (carried on by):

Economistas

Activity:

Authors

Places

Domicile:

Madrid (España)

Domicile:

México

Domicile:

Granada (España)

Domicile:

París (Isla de Francia, Francia) between 1945 and 1970

Málaga (provincia) between 1977 and 1982 Obs.:  Diputado en el Congreso

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Álora (Málaga, España) in 1911

Lugar de Defunción:

Alcaucín (Málaga, España) in 2004-08-08

Subjects

Gender:

Varón

He/She is a:

Parlamentarios

He/She is a:

Communists

He/She is a:

Exiles

Sources

Menéndez, Manuel Ángel. Fontes, Ignacio. Quién es quién: sus señorías los diputados : atlas de la democracia parlamentaria española. Manuel Ángel Menéndez Gijón, Ignacio Fontes. Tres Cantos (Madrid): Foca. 931 p.. 84-95440-25-3.

Related Authorities

Partido Comunista de España  ( He/She is a member of )

Associative relations :

External Links

Página web:

El País

Catálogo de Autoridades:

VIAF

Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España

Documents

Producer of:

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