Person - Pérez Martínez, Antonio Joaquín (1763-1829)

Pérez Martínez, Antonio Joaquín (1763-1829)




Preferred form:

Pérez Martínez, Antonio Joaquín (1763-1829)Other forms

Fechas de existencia:

Puebla (México)  1763-05-13 - Puebla (México)  1829-04-26


He was the Bishop of Puebla de Los Ángeles (Mexico) and a government representative. His father, Francisco, was from Cadiz. He studied at the Colegio de San Luis de Puebla and then moved to the so-called Carolino, where he studied philosophy and theology. He was later appointed professor of Philosophy and Theology and vice-rector of the Seminary. He was a professor-canon of the Cathedral of Puebla and vicar of nuns.

He was the Government Representative of Puebla de Los Ángeles in the Cortes (parliament, 1810-1813). He was elected on June 26, 1810, and he took the oath of office on December 23. He was a member of several commissions, such as the one that drafted the Constitution. His work as a government representative was very outstanding, taking part in many debates, such as the ones about the Overseas Reform, the Finance Plan, the Freedom of Trade, the Territorial Organization, the Inquisition... On the latter he opposed its abolition in Mexico.

He became President of the Cortes (January 24, 1811), he was a moderate absolutist who exerted a notable influence on American deputies and served to temper the debates on overseas reforms that were partly agreed under his presidency.

He worked again as a representative in the Cortes of 1813, being president of the same when they were dissolved by the King, on February 16, 1814. He was also one of the twelve Americans who signed the so-called Manifesto of the Persians.

As a reward, in 1814 he was named Bishop of Puebla. However, with the Spanish Revolution of 1820 he once again supported the Constitution. He became again a representative, but, when he was accused of sympathizing with the Mexican revolutionaries, the Spanish government decreed his deportation in 1821, which, curiously, could not be carried out because the people mutinied against those who were charged with carrying out the order. Once the independence of Mexico was proclaimed, of whose act he was a signatory, he supported Agustín de Iturbide and formed part of the Provisional Government Board.

Cortes de Cádiz, 1810-1813

Date of the event: 1810 - 1813

Cortes ordinarias, 1813-1814

Date of the event: 1813 - 1814



Lugar de Residencia:

Cádiz (España)

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Puebla (México) in 1763-05-13

Lugar de Defunción:

Puebla (México) in 1829-04-26


Diccionario biográfico de parlamentarios españoles. 1, Cortes de Cádiz, 1810-1814 [Madrid]: Cortes Generales, Servicios de Publicaciones. 1 disco (CD-ROM). 978-84-7943-386-4 .

García León, José María. Los diputados doceañistas : una aproximación al estudio de los diputados de las Cortes Generales y Extraordinarias (1810-1813). José Mª García León. [Cádiz]: Ayuntamiento de Cádiz. 2 v. (808 p.). 84-89736-51-0.

Related Authorities

Alonso Pantiga, Angel (1776-post. 1856)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

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