Person - Austria, Margarita de (1584-1611, reina consorte de España)

Austria, Margarita de (1584-1611, reina consorte de España)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Austria, Margarita de (1584-1611, reina consorte de España)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Graz (Estiria, Austria)  1584-12-25 - San Lorenzo de El Escorial (Madrid, España)  1611-10-03

History:

She was born in Graz (actual Austria) on December 25, 1584 and died in El Escorial (Spain) on October 3, 1611. Queen Consort of Spain (1598-1611). Daughter of Archduke Charles II Francis of Austria and Archduchess Maria Anna of Bavaria, in 1599 she married Philip III of Spain with the purpose of consolidating the alliance between the Spanish branch and the Austrian branch of the Habsburgs. This marriage was celebrated by powers in Ferrara, St Leopold's day, patron of Habsburg Spain, to be later confirmed in Madrid. At the same time the marriage of Isabella Clara Eugenia, youngest daughter of Philip II of Spain, and Archduke Albert of Austria was agreed. On February 3, 1599 they went to Genoa, where the Admiral of Castile, Andrea Doria, awaited them with an armada of forty galleys. On the 10th they started they journey to Valencia. Lope de Vega mentions these weddings in his comedy "El catalán valeroso." After the festivities the King and the Queen travelled to Barcelona, ​​where they reunited Cortes. In Zaragoza the king swore the Fueros (regional codes of laws) and freedom was given to the family of Antonio Pérez. In 1600, on the advice of the Duke of Lerma, the court moved to Valladolid and the King and the Queen settled in the palace of the Duke of Benavente. Nevertheless, the official services did not fit in the city and were scattered; in fact, the chancery was set up in Medina del Campo and the fair was moved to Burgos. In 1606 the king decided to return to Madrid. Already as Queen of Spain, Margaret of Austria faced the Duke of Lerma, supporter of her husband, because of the great influence he had on the kingdom's affairs. In retaliation, Lerma caused that his German servants were fired and succeeded in getting Margaret not to receive memorials or petitions, which diminished her influence in the court. Margaret, supported by the royal confessor Fray Luis de Aliaga, promoted the prosecution (because of corruption) of several of Lerma's trusted men, among them Rodrigo Calderón, who was acquitted. Throughout her life, the Queen expressed interest in the spiritual life; she had conversations and epistolary exchanges with significant religious personalities within Spain, such as Sister Mariana de San José, founding nun of La Encarnación convent, foundational work to which Queen Margaret provided art works and monetary resources. She was also a reader of works by Saint Ignatius of Loyola, Saint Teresa of Jesus, or Saint John of God. Margaret and Philip had eight children, but some of them did not reached adulthood; Anne of Austria, wife of Louis XIII of France; the future Philip IV; Infanta Maria Anna of Spain, wife of Ferdinand III and Charles and Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand. The Queen died because of complications of her eighth labour.

Internal Structure-Genealogy:

Hija del archiduque Carlos II de Estiria y de María Ana de Baviera.

Places

Ferrara (Emilia-Romaña, Italia) in 1599-11-15 Obs.:  Lugar de matrimonio por poderes.

València (España) in 1599 Obs.:  Lugar de matrimonio.

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Graz (Estiria, Austria) in 1584-12-25

Lugar de Defunción:

San Lorenzo de El Escorial (Madrid, España) in 1611-10-03

Sources

Ferrera Cuesta, Carlos: Diccionario de Historia de España.-Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 2005.

RUBIO ARAGONÉS, M.J. Reinas de España: las Austrias. Siglos XV-XVIII, de Isabel la Católica a Mariana de Neoburgo.-Madrid, La Esfera de los Libros, 2010

PÉREZ MARTÍN, M.J. Margarita de Austria, reina de España. Espasa Calpe.-Madrid, 1961.

Related Authorities

Family relationships :

Felipe III (1578-1621, rey de España)  - Marriage (He/She is married to)

Habsburgo, Carlos de (1540-1590)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

Austria, Ana de (1601-1666, reina consorte de Francia)  - Progenitor

Austria, Fernando de (1609-1641, infante de España)  - Progenitor (She is the mother of)

Austria, María Ana de (1606-1646, emperatriz consorte del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico)  - Progenitor (She is the mother of)

Austria, María de (1603-1603, infanta de España)  - Progenitor (She is the mother of)

Felipe IV (1605-1665, rey de España)  - Progenitor (She is the mother of)

See ancestors See successors

Calderón, Rodrigo (1578-1621)  ( He/She is the enemy of-He/She is facing- It is the minority )

Associative relations :

Convento de las Descalzas Reales de Valladolid (España)  ( He/She/It is the sponsor of )

Real Monasterio de la Encarnación de Madrid (España)  ( He/She/It is the sponsor of )

Reina consorte de España  ( Ocupa /Ejerce de_en )

Riederer de Paar, María Sidonia (?-1624)