Person - Carlos II (1661-1700, rey de España)

Carlos II (1661-1700, rey de España)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Carlos II (1661-1700, rey de España)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Madrid (España)  1661-11-06 - Madrid (España)  1700-11-01

History:

Charles II was King of Spain, Naples, Sicily, and Sardinia, Duke of Milan, sovereign of the Netherlands, and Count of Burgundy. He was born in Madrid on 6 November 1661 and died in the same city on 1 November 1700. Son and heir of Philip IV and Mariana of Austria, he remained under the regency of his mother until he reached adulthood in 1675. He married twice: firstly, on November 19, 1679 he married Marie Louise d'Orléans (1662-1689), niece of Louis XIV of France, although he died with no descendants; and secondly, on May 4, 1690 he married Maria Anna of Neuburg (1667-1740). They did not have children either, leading to a serious succession conflict. Given the King's lack of direct posterity, a complex network of palace intrigues began around it. This issue, which became a matter of State, consumed the efforts of European diplomacy. After the death of the agreed heir, Joseph Ferdinand of Bavaria, in 1699, on 3 October 1700 King Charles II made a testament in favour of Philip of Anjou, grandson of Louis XIV of France and of his sister, Infanta Maria Theresa of Austria (1638-1683), eldest daughters of Philip IV. On November 6 news of the king's death reached Versailles. On the 16 of that month Louis XIV announced that he adhered to the provisions of the Spanish king's testament. Philip V of Spain travelled to Madrid, where he arrived on January 22, 1701 although this succession decision would bring the consequent conflict that led to the War of the Spanish Succession. Reign: King of Spain, Naples, Sicily, and Sardinia: 1665-1700

Internal Structure-Genealogy:

Hijo de Felipe IV, rey de España, y de Mariana de Austria.

Places

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Madrid (España) in 1661-11-06

Lugar de Defunción:

Madrid (España) in 1700-11-01

Subjects

Title of Nobility:

Adanero, condes de

Title of Nobility:

Albaserrada, marqueses de

Title of Nobility:

Alba Real de Tajo, condes de

Sources

BERNECKER, Walther; COLLADO SEIDEL, Carlos y HOSER, Paul (ed. dirigida)., Los reyes de España: dieciocho retratos históricos desde los Reyes Católicos hasta la actualidad.- Madrid, Siglo XXI de España, 2005, p. 113-132.

FERRERA CUESTA, Carlos., Diccionario de historia de España.- Madrid, Alianza Editorial, 2005.

RIBOT GARCÍA, Luis Antonio., "Biografías imprescindibles. nº 13. Carlos II. El monarca incapaz" en Clío: Revista de historia, Nº. 63, 2007, p. 76-89.

MAURA GAMAZO, Gabriel., Vida y reinado de Carlos II.- Madrid, Espasa-Calpe, 1942.

CONTRERAS, Jaime., Carlos II el Hechizado. Poder y melancolía en la Corte del último Austria.- Madrid, Temas de Hoy, 2003.

CALVO POYATO, José., La vida y época de Carlos II el Hechizado.- Barcelona, Ed. Planeta, 1998.

RIBOT GARCÍA, Luis Antonio (coord.)., Carlos II: el rey y su entorno cortesano.- Madrid, Centro de Estudios Europa Hispánica, 2009.

Related Authorities

Álvarez de Toledo y Portugal, Mariana Engracia (1621-1686)

Associative relations :

King of Spain  ( Ocupa /Ejerce de_en )

Charge :

Family relationships :

Neoburgo, Mariana de (1667-1740, reina consorte de España)  - Marriage (He/She is married to; Segunda esposa de Carlos II.)

Orléans, María Luisa de (1662-1689, reina consorte de España)  - Marriage (He/She is married to; Primera esposa de Carlos II)

Marie-Thérèse, Queen, consort of Louis XIV, King of France, 1638-1683  - Collateral (He/She is the step-brother/step-sister of)

Austria, Juan José de (1629-1679)  - Collateral (He/She is the step-brother/step-sister of)

Austria, Mariana de (1634-1696, reina consorte de España)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

Felipe IV (1605-1665, rey de España)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

See ancestors