Person - Austria, Mariana de (1634-1696, reina consorte de España)

Austria, Mariana de (1634-1696, reina consorte de España)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Austria, Mariana de (1634-1696, reina consorte de España)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Austria  1634-12-23 - 1696-05-16

History:

Mariana of Austria (1634-1696), Queen of Spain, Regent (1665-1675), second wife of King Philip IV. Daughter of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor, and of Maria Anna of Spain, sister of Philip IV, she married her uncle in 1649. Only two of her children reach adulthood: the Infanta Margaret Theresa, immortalized by Velázquez in "Las Meninas" (and future wife of Emperor Leopold I) and the weak and feeble Prince Charles. When Philip IV died in 1665 his son Charles was four years old. In his testament the King regulated that Mariana, as regent, would preside over the Council of Government, instituted by this entity during the minority of Charles II. However, she relied on favorites such as the Jesuit Juan Everardo Nithard or Fernando de Valenzuela and this caused an aristocratic opposition led by John Joseph of Austria, who, after seizing power (1677), exiled her in Toledo. Two years later, after Juan's death, she returned to the court until her death in Madrid, in the Palace of the Duke of Uceda.

Internal Structure-Genealogy:

Hija del emperador Fernando III y de María, hermana de Felipe IV.

Madre de María Teresa, emperatriz consorte de Leopoldo I, emperador del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico y de Carlos II.

Occupations

Activity:

Reinas Regentes between 1665 and 1675

Places

Toledo (España) between 1677 and 1679 Obs.:  Lugar de confinamiento

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Austria in 1634-12-23

Lugar de Defunci¾n:

Madrid (España) in 1696-05-16

Sources

Historia de España. La España de Felipe IV. El gobierno de la monarquía, la crisis de 1640 y el fracaso de la hegemonía europea. Tomo XXV/ Francisco Tomás y Valiente, Álvaro Castillo Pintado, Elliot, J.H. et al.3ª ed.-Madrid: Espasa Calpe, 1982.

RUBIO ARAGONÉS, M.J. Reinas de España: las Austrias. Siglos XV-XVIII, de Isabel la Católica a Mariana de Neoburgo.-Madrid, La Esfera de los Libros, 2010.

Related Authorities

Family relationships :

Felipe IV (1605-1665, rey de España)  - Marriage (He/She is married to; Segunda esposa de Felipe IV.)

Austria, María Ana de (1606-1646, emperatriz consorte del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

Carlos II (1661-1700, rey de España)  - Progenitor (She is the mother of)

See ancestors See successors

Associative relations :

Nithard, Juan Everardo (1607-1681)  (It consider valid)

Reina consorte de España  (Ocupa /Ejerce de_en)

Valenzuela Enciso, Fernando de (1636-1692)  (It consider valid)

External Links

Catálogo de Autoridades.:

ISNI

Fichero de Autoridades.:

VIAF