Margarita Nelken
Person - Nelken, Margarita (1894-1968)

Nelken, Margarita (1894-1968)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Nelken, Margarita (1894-1968)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Madrid (España)  1894 - Ciudad de México (México)  1968

History:

Margarita Nelken was born in Madrid in 1894. Jewish-German origin from her father's side and belonging to a wealthy class, he studied the high school of French, piano and harmony, and continued her studies in Paris. Furthermore, she took painting lessons with the painter Eduardo Chicharro, in which workshop she would meet María Blanchard and Diego Rivera. At the beginning she alternated her writing vocation with painting, but later she end up dedicating herself to literature, writing novels, essays, monographies, social studies, etc. Similarly, she dedicated herself as well to art criticism, activity in which she centered during her exile period in Mexico, collaborating in numerous art publications and giving lecturers in public and private institutions.

But literature was not her only occupation. Since a young age she joined the labor movement, and her political activity was very intense in both Spain and abroad, where she became outstanding due to her special missions for the defense of the Republic. Deputy in the three legislatures of the Republic and member of the Communist Party, she stayed in Spain during the whole conflict.

She got married with Martin de Paul, consul general of Spain in Ámsterdam, with whom she had two children: Magda, who died in Mexico in 1954, and Santiago, who died in the Second World War in Russia, where he had gone as a voluntary.

She died in Mexico in 1968, place where she had stayed as a political refugee since 1939.

Occupations

Places

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Madrid (España) in 1894

Lugar de Defunción:

Ciudad de México (México) in 1968

Subjects

Is:

Exiles

Gender:

Mujer

Sources

Inventario del archivo de Margarita Nelken. Por Mª A. Benavides López y M. Martín- Palomino Benito, bajo la dirección de Pilar Castro Martos. Madrid, 1989. Mecanografiado.

Código de Referencia: ES.28079.AHN/4.2.34//

Related Authorities

Ateneo de Madrid (España)  ( He/She is a member of )

Associative relations :

Gascón, Elvira (1911-2000)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Hierarchical relationships :

Convento de Nuestra Señora de la Encarnación de Madrid (España)  - Child (Margarita Nelken era la jefa de un batallón que ocupó la Basílica del Cristo de Medinacelli. Encontraron en el sótano la imagen del cristo y decidieron sacarla para trasladarla a otro lugar más seguro. La propia Margarita Nelken había decidido llevarla al Pais Vasco aunque finalmente se envió a Valencia con numerosas obras de arte sacadas de Madrid. Desde Valencia fue llevada por la costa hasta diferentes pueblos de Cataluña. A principios de 1939 se sacó de España y se llevó a Francia. Desde allí, fue nuevamente trasladada hasta Ginebra, a la sede de la Sociedad de Naciones donde permanecerá hasta mayo de 1939 cuando el nuevo gobierno español la encuentra y la devuelve a su iglesia.)

See ascendants

Family relationships :

Paul y Martín Barbadillo, Martín de (1887-1962)  - Marriage (He/She is married to)

Donato, Magda (1898-1966)  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Paul Nelken, Magda de (1917-1956)  - Progenitor (She is the mother of)

Paul Nelken, Santiago de (1920-1944)  - Progenitor (She is the mother of)

See successors