Auschwitz Protocols. Reports about the situation of concentration camps prisoners

Identity statement area

Supplied Title:

Auschwitz Protocols. Reports about the situation of concentration camps prisoners

Reference number:

AGA,82,05247,005

Date of creation:

1944-08-26 , Budapest (Hungría)

Level of description:

Unidad Documental Simple_en

Reference code:

ES.28005.AGA//AGA,82,05247,005

Context

Content and Structure

Scope and Content:

The Auschwitz Protocols or Reports are highly significant documents in the history of The Holocaust; in fact, there were used as an evidence in the Nuremberg trials. They are formed of three reports written by prisoners who managed to escape from the camp. The first one is the "Vrba-Wetzler Report", written by two Slovakian prisoners at the end of April, 1944. The second one is the "Polish Major's Report", drafted by Jerzy Tabeau, who fled from Auschwitz as well, typed in Geneva on August 1944 and immediately spreaded by groups of Jewish the Polish Government in exile. And finally the third one, the "Rosin-Mordowicz Report", also written by Slovakian prisoners who escaped at the end of May, 1944. All of them meticulously show the living conditions, the gas chambers, the crematorium, etc. All in all, the extermination policy implemented in the Auschwitz camp.

No doubt about it, the document were spreaded among the diplomatic corps placed in Budapest to condemn the intensity of the deportations carried out by Adolf Eichmann from May 1944. They were distributed from Switzerland thanks to George Madello, the first secretary of the Embassy of El Salvador in Geneve, of Jewish origin, in mid-June, 1944. Its publication on the Swiss press, the knowledge of the Vatican about the situation of the prisoners after meeting with the authors of the reports, and finally its publication in The New York Times in early July, led the Allies to put pressure with reprisals on Horthy's Government If the deportations did not stop immediately.

Ángel Sanz Briz's office, who was the maximum representative of the Spanish Legation in Hungary at that time, sent a copy in French of the two first reports precisely to the Minister Lequerica, although in reverse order, and a letter written by a woman deported from Svaliana (Ukraine) on 17th May 1944. As Sainz Briz indicates, the Aid and Rescue Committee, the Zionist organization which Sanz Briz refers to in their office, gave him the report titled "Rapports sur les camps de "travail" de Birkemau et d'Auschwitz".

The deportations were reactivated on October 1944, after the coup d'état against Horthy and two months after the report had been sent to Madrid. It was then that the diplomats became involved in the protection of the Jewish, among which Sanz Briz established a refuges network and provided the Spanish nationality to the Jewish, which allowed 5,200 people to save their lives.

Conditions of Access and Use

General Conditions of Access:

©MECD. Archivos Estatales (España). La difusión de la información descriptiva y de las imágenes digitales de este documento ha sido autorizada por el titular de los derechos de propiedad intelectual exclusivamente para uso privado y para actividades de docencia e investigación. En ningún caso se autoriza su reproducción con finalidad lucrativa ni su distribución, comunicación pública y transformación por cualquier medio sin autorización expresa y por escrito del propietario.

Related documentation

Medium/Archival Material:

Digitized contains digitized images

Fuentes:

Rother, Bernd. Franco y el holocausto. Bernd Rother ; traducción de Leticia Artiles Gracia ; revisión de Gonzalo Álvarez Chillida. Madrid: Marcial Pons Historia. 2005. 431 p.. Estudios. 84-96467-05-8.

Lisbona, José Antonio. Más allá del deber :. José Antonio Lisbona. [Madrid]: Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores y Cooperación, Secretaría General Técnica. 2015. 476 p., [20] p. de lám. col. y n..

Extent and medium

454 Hoja(s) on Papel_en .