Hydroandric' machine or underwater garment: this is the external layer, used over the hole armour with hood, doublet, and inner iron breeche ...

Identity statement area

Formal Title:

"Máquina Hydroándrica o vestidura para cubrise un hombre dentro del agua: Este es el vestido o aforro exterior que se ponen sobre toda la armazón de caperusa, armador y calsones de fierro ynteriores".

Supplied Title:

Hydroandric' machine or underwater garment: this is the external layer, used over the hole armour with hood, doublet, and inner iron breeches

Reference number:

MP-INGENIOS,248

Date of creation:

Known 1720

Level of description:

Unidad Documental Simple_en

Reference code:

ES.41091.AGI//MP-INGENIOS,248

Context

Archival History:

Biography / Administrative history:

The Royal and Supreme Council of the Indies was established in 1524 as the highest corporate authority for the governance and management of the New World.

Founded by Charles I, following the model of the Council of Castile, it exerted absolute jurisdiction over the whole territory and its inhabitants and had the ability to rule and execute any kind of well-aimed norm. Only the authority of the King himself was above the rule of the council.

The Council was named Royal, because it was its mission to assist and act with the King; Universal, because it had jurisdiction over any issue throughout the whole Indies; and finally, Supreme, because its authority was the highest, with the sole exception of the King.

It definitively went extinct by Royal Decree on march 24th 1834, by which the Supreme Court of Spain and the Indies –for civil and criminal matters- and the Royal Council of Spain and the Indies as an advisory institution to be consulted by the State Secretaries on important matters belonging to their departments.

Name of the creator(s):

Consejo de Indias (España)

Name of other related agents:

Archivo General de Indias (Sevilla, España) - Coleccionista

Content and Structure

Scope and Content:

Caption on right side: Hanc quaeritatem machinam diu invenit, perfabricavit, prodiditque ad usu D. Ar[nal]dus (?) Alexander Durand, Baro Mazabrat, anno Domini 1720"

Wide explanation, with alphabetical references, on both sides of the drawing.

Diving device that can be used in shipwrecks and pearl fishing.

Pearl fishing was an economic activity developed by the Spaniards in America since the 16th century and an important source of income for the Royal Treasury. It was done by indigenous divers and later by Africans. A series of artifacts with different breathing systems were developed in order to achieve greater permanence of the diver under the water.

Conditions of Access and Use

General accessibility conditions:

©MCD. Archivos Estatales (España). La difusión de la información descriptiva y de las imágenes digitales de este documento ha sido autorizada por el titular de los derechos de propiedad intelectual exclusivamente para uso privado y para actividades de docencia e investigación. En ningún caso se autoriza su reproducción con finalidad lucrativa ni su distribución, comunicación pública y transformación por cualquier medio sin autorización expresa y por escrito del propietario.

Image accessibility condition:

Images/documents have no access restrictions

State of conservation:

Good

Related documentation

Medium/Archival Material:

Microfilm microfilm unit Digitized contains digitized images

Other Related Units:

Con testimonios sobre dicha máquina, inventada por el francés Alejandro Durand (Lima, 24 de diciembre de 1720), anejos a memorial del citado inventor presentados por su apoderado Pedro Simón Calvo [S.f.: vistos el 22 de enero de 1722 en el Consejo; informados por el fiscal en Madrid, a 8 de febrero de 1722 y finalmente, vistos en el Consejo el 10 de febrero del mismo año. LIMA, 437

 Notes

Notes:

Notas: Con nºs. 249, 250, 251

Extent and medium

1 Dibujo(s) on Papel_en .  Size  41.5 x28.2 CM_en .  1 hoja. 

Maps

Technique used:

Manuscrito, a pluma.