Person - Carlota Joaquina de Borbón (1775-1830, reina consorte de Portugal)

Carlota Joaquina de Borbón (1775-1830, reina consorte de Portugal)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Carlota Joaquina de Borbón (1775-1830, reina consorte de Portugal)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Aranjuez (Madrid, España)  1775-04-25 - 1830-01-07

History:

Carlota Joaquina of Spain (Carlota Joaquina Teresa Cayetana de Borbón Borbón-Parma; April 25, 1775 ? January 7, 1830). She was the daughter of Charles IV of Spain (1748-1819) and Maria Luisa of Parma (1751-1819). She married Prince John, second son of Joseph I of Portugal (1761-1788), who because of the illness of his mother Mrs. Maria, he was in charge of the Government of Portugal and in 1799 he took the title of Prince Regent, later John VI of Portugal (1767-1826). In 1788, Joseph I died, Prince of Brazil and heir to the throne of Portugal, so his brother John became the first in the line of succession to the throne. Maria I was removed from the Crown, so Prince John was appointed Regent of the kingdom from 1792, becoming Carlota Joaquina Princess Consort-Regent of Portugal. Carlota was a very ambitious person. At the Court of Lisbon, she often meddled in Affairs of State, trying to influence in the decisions of her husband. In 1806, King John IV of Portugal (1767-1826) discovered a Palace revolt of Carlota to take power, so King Joihn IV expelled her from the Royal Palace of Mafra, confining her in the Palace of Queluz. The invasion of Portugal by the Napoleon Bonaparte?s (1769-821) army led to the flight of John VI heading to Brazil, installing the Court in Río de Janeiro. Even so, the intrigues and ambitions of Carlota Joaquina did not decrease. Carlota was involved in the conspiracy of 1806 to replace her husband in the Regency, besides the Portuguese interests in the War of Independence, facing with the captivity of Ferdinand VII (1784-1833), he pretended to be Regent of Spain. Between 1808 and 1812, the Queen Consort of Portugal tried to replace his brother Ferdinand VII as Regent of Spain, prisoner of Napoleon Bonaparte and, in Spain was installed Joseph I (1768-1844). Carlota was the only member of the family of Charles IV that was not prisoner of the French. Facing the French invasion of Spain, he plotted the creation of a Carlotista party with the aim of ensuring an own throne in South America and getting the independence of the territory of Río de la Plata (River). In 1820, the Oporto Revolution demanded the return of the Portuguese royal family. John VI and Carlota Joaquina returned the following year, but his son Peter of Braganza decided to stay in Brazil and proclaimed his Independence in 1822, assuming the throne as Emperor Peter I of Brazil.

Internal Structure-Genealogy:

Hija del rey Carlos IV, rey de España, y de María Luisa de Parma.

Places

Domicile:

Brasil

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Aranjuez (Madrid, España) in 1775-04-25

Subjects

Gender:

Mujer

Sources

BERNECKER, Walther; COLLADO SEIDEL, Carlos y HOSER, Paul (ed. dirigida), Los reyes de España: dieciocho retratos históricos desde los Reyes Católicos hasta la actualidad.- Madrid, Siglo XXI de España, 2005, p. 185.

FERRERA CUESTA, Carlos., Diccionario de historia de España.- Madrid, Alianza Editorial, 2005.

Related Authorities

Family relationships :

Juan VI (1767-1826, rey de Portugal)  - Marriage

Borbón Borbón-Parma, María Amalia de (1779-1798, infanta de España)  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Borbón, Carlos María Isidro de (1788-1855, infante de España)  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Borbón, Francisco de Paula (1794-1865, infante de España)  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Borbón, María Isabel de (1789-1848, infanta de España)  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Borbón, María Luisa de (1782-1824, infanta de España)  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Fernando VII (1784-1833, rey de España)  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Carlos IV (1748-1819, rey de España)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

Parma, María Luisa de (1751-1819, reina consorte de España)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

Braganza, María Isabel de (1797-1818, reina consorte de España)  - Progenitor (She is the mother of)

Pedro I (1798-1834, emperador de Brasil)  - Progenitor (She is the mother of)

See ancestors See successors

Reina consorte de Portugal  ( Ocupa /Ejerce de_en )

Charge :

External Links

Catálogo de Autoridades:

ISNI

Fichero de Autoridades:

VIAF

Catálogo de Autoridades:

VIAF

Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España

Documents

Producer of:

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