Person - Pedro I (1798-1834, emperador de Brasil)

Pedro I (1798-1834, emperador de Brasil)




Preferred form:

Pedro I (1798-1834, emperador de Brasil)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

1798-10-12 - 1834-09-24


Pedro I de Brasil y IV de Portugal (October 12, 1798 ? September 24, 1834). He was I Emperor of Brazil (1822-1831) and IV King of Portugal (1826). He was the son of John VI of Portugal (1767-1826) and Carlota Joaquina de Borbón (1775-1830). In 1807, along with the Royal family, he left Lisbon because of the pressure of the French troops, and in 1808 he took refuge in Brazil. In this country, he married with his first spouse, Leopoldina (1797-1826), Archduchess of Austria and daughter of the Emperor Francisco I of Austria (1768-1835). After becoming a widower in 1826, he married in 1829 with Amelia de Beauharnais (1812-1873), Princess and Duchess of Leuchtenberg. In April 1821, when John VI returned to Portugal, he remained in Brazil with the title of Prince Governor. Under the pressure of the Portuguese Cortes, who wanted to repeal the title of Kingdom that held Brazil from 1815. The return of Prince Peter, it supported the Independence Party and declared the independence on September 7, 1822. On October 12, 1822, he was appointed Emperor of Brazil. In 1823, he convened a Constituent Assembly (April), but his refusal to accept any limitation on his prerogatives, faced him with the Assembly, which was dissolved in November of that year. The Constitution of 1824 was under his control. He established a centralized monarchy, where the King assumed the power of control over the legislature. In 1824, he had to deal with the Republican movement in the Northern provinces, and although he managed to control it, it became increasingly unpopular. In 1826, the Crown of Portugal was given to him, but shortly after, he abdicated in favor of his daughter Maria II of Portugal (1819-1853). In 1831, he also abdicated the throne of Brazil, because of an insurrection that occurred in Rio de Janeiro, and aster that he returned to Portugal. In April 1831, he was succeeded to the throne by his son Peter II of Brazil (1825-1891). When he returned to Portugal, he was in charge of the liberal side, in defense of the restoration on the throne of his daughter. He took Porto (1832) and Lisbon (1833), and forced Miguel to capitulate through the Treaty of Évora Monte on May 26, 1834, but shortly after, he died in Queluz at age of 35 because of tuberculosis. In 1972, his remains were transferred to Brazil.

Internal Structure-Genealogy:

Del primer matrimonio con Leopoldina, archiduquesa de Austria, nacen,

María de la Gloria (1819-1853), princesa de Gran Pará y futura reina de Portugal, con el nombre de María II. Se casó dos veces y tuvo descendencia.

Miguel (1820).

Juan Carlos (1821-1822).

Januaria María (1822-1901), casada con el príncipe Luis de las Dos Sicilias. Con descendencia.

Paula Mariana de Braganza (1823-1833).

Francisca (1824-1898), casada con Francisco de Orleans, príncipe de Joinville. Con descendencia.

Pedro de Alcántara (1825-1891), futuro emperador del Brasil, con el nombre de 'Pedro II'.

Del segundo matrimonio con Amelia de Beauharnais, princesa y duquesa de Leuchtenberg, nace María Amelia (1831-1853), princesa de Brasil, fallecida soltera y sin descendencia.

Por último de su larga relación con Comitila de Castro Canto y Melo nacieron dos hijas ilegítimas:

Isabel María de Alcántara Brasileira, duquesa de Goiás (1824-1898)

María Isabel II de Alcántara Brasileira, condesa de Iguazú (1830-1896)


Brasil  Obs.:  emperador de




(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Reyes de Portugal

Related Authorities

Family relationships :

Fernando VII (1784-1833, rey de España)  - Collateral (He/She is the nephew/niece of)

Miguel I (1802-1866, rey de Portugal)  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Carlota Joaquina de Borbón (1775-1830, reina consorte de Portugal)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

Juan VI (1767-1826, rey de Portugal)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

María II (1819-1853, reina de Portugal)  - Progenitor (He is the father of)

See ancestors See successors

External Links

Catálogo de Autoridades:


Catálogo de Autoridades:


Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España


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