Person - Miguel I (1802-1866, rey de Portugal)

Miguel I (1802-1866, rey de Portugal)




Preferred form:

Miguel I (1802-1866, rey de Portugal)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Lisboa (Portugal)  1802-10-26 - Karlsruhe (Baden-Wurtemberg, Alemania)  1866-11-14


Miguel I (Lisbon, Portugal, October 26, 1802 ? Karlsruhe, Germany, November 14, 1866), named "the Absolutist". He was the King of Portugal between 1828 and 1834 during the Civil War of Portugal and second son of King John VI (1767-1826). Miguel was conservative and admirer of Ambassador Metternich. He was exiled in Austria where he met Clement of Metternich (1773-1859). When the King John VI died in March 1826, Peter IV required Miguel to assume the Regency on July 3, 1827, but before that, Peter IV requested him to pledge allegiance to the Constitution. Miguel accepted and returned from the exile to Portugal and pledged allegiance to the Constitution four days later. He dissolved the Cortes on March 13, 1828, and once he was proclaimed absolute monarch on June 28, 1828, he abolished the Constitution developed by his brother Peter. Also, he expelled from the throne to his niece Maria II of Portugal (1819-1853), and when overcoming some fights, he imposed his authority throughout the country, except for the island of Madeira. He got international support for his regime. The Government of the Duke of Wellington in the United Kingdom fell in 1830, just before granting the official recognition to Miguel as monarch. In 1831, Peter I of Brazil and IV of Portugal (1798-1834) abdicated the throne of the Empire of Brazil and moved to the Islands Azores, from where he launched naval attacks to Portugal landing with his army and starting a Civil War between both brothers. With few internal or external supports, after three years of Civil War and with several military defeats, Miguel was forced to abdicate on May 26, 1834 and was sent into exile by the victorious Peter.


Lugar de Nacimiento:

Lisboa (Portugal) in 1802-10-26

Lugar de Defunción:

Karlsruhe (Baden-Wurtemberg, Alemania) in 1866-11-14





Related Authorities

Family relationships :

Pedro I (1798-1834, emperador de Brasil)  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Carlota Joaquina de Borbón (1775-1830, reina consorte de Portugal)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

Juan VI (1767-1826, rey de Portugal)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

Braganza Borbón, María de las Nieves de (1852-1941, infanta de Portugal)  - Progenitor (He is the father of)

See ancestors See successors

External Links

Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España


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