Person - Fishman, Moses (1915-2007)

Fishman, Moses (1915-2007)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Fishman, Moses (1915-2007)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

New York  1915-09-28 - 2007-08-06

History:

Fishman, Moses was born in New York on September 28, 1915. Moses Fishman had left school during the Depression and became a laundry worker and truck driver. He participated in unionizing his fellow workers and found a commitment to social justice issues as a member of the Young Communist League.

When the Spanish war began, he volunteered to fight, but was rejected for lack of military experience. However, his skill as a truck driver was needed and a second application for service was accepted with the proviso that he recruits ten other volunteers. Fishman quickly found the men, though none actually showed up. The recruiters took him anyway. Sailed from the United States on the 7th of April 1937 aboard the "Lafayette" and arrived in Spain on the 29th of April 1937. He served with the Company 1 of the Washington Battalion of the 15th International Brigade but he was shot in his left leg during his first action on the 5th of July 1937 in Brunete. During his lengthy recuperation from war injuries, Fishman stayed in touch with New York humanitarian aid organizations providing assistance for the civilian refugees of the Spanish Civil War. He eventually worked in the warehouse of the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee, while studying to become a licensed radio operator. He returned to the United States on the 20th of July 1938 aboard the "Champlain".

When the United States entered World War II, Fishman's skills enabled him to serve in the Merchant Marines. After his second war, Fishman continued to work with the refugee aid committee, even after it was targeted by the House Committee on Un-American Activities for alleged subversive activities in 1946. Indeed, it was Fishman's proximity to that case that changed his life when HUAC set its sights on the VALB and President Harry Truman's Attorney General listed the group as a subversive organization in 1947 as part of the postwar anti-Communist crusade.

When Congress passed the McCarran Act in 1950, obliging all designated subversive organizations to register with the federal government and creating heavy penalties for leaders who refused to cooperate, the entire executive committee of the VALB resigned in 1950. In its place, two Lincoln veterans stepped forward: Milton Wolff became the National Commander and Moses Fishman became the Executive Secretary/Treasurer and served the organization in an executive capacity for the rest of his life.

He died on August 6, 2007 in New York with 92 years old.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

 

Occupations

Activity:

Brigadists

Places

Domicile:

United States

Lugar de Nacimiento:

New York in 1915-09-28

Lugar de Defunci¿n:

New York in 2007-08-06

Sources

Martínez Reverte, Jorge. Guerreros y traidores: de la guerra de España a la Guerra Fría. 1ª edición. Barcelona: Galaxia Gutenberg. 2014. 242 páginas. ISBN: 978-84-672-5803-5 .

Related Authorities

Brigadas Internacionales (España)

Associative relations :

Abraham Lincoln Battalion  ( He/She is a member of )

External Links

Recurso web:

Alba Volunteer

Recurso web:

Alba Volunteer

Recurso web:

Jewish Virtual Library

Recursos web:

New York Times

Recurso web:

The volunteer

Documents

Producer of:

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