Corporate Body - Ejército Popular de la República. Batallón Abraham Lincoln (España)

Ejército Popular de la República. Batallón Abraham Lincoln (España)

Identification

Type:

Corporate Body

Preferred form:

Ejército Popular de la República. Batallón Abraham Lincoln (España)Alternative forms (other languages) Other forms

Fechas de Existencia:

from 1937-01-01 to 1938-09-30

History:

The Lincoln Battalion, also known as Abraham Lincoln Brigade was formed by a group of volunteers from United States who served in the Spanish Civil War as soldiers, technicians, medical personnel and aviators. The battalion was formed in January 1937 and together with the British Battalion formed the basis of the 15th International Brigade. The Lincoln Battalion was formed by three companies, two of infantry and a machine gun.

The Abraham Lincoln Battalion and its successor the Lincoln-Washington Battalion was manned by 3,015 American soldiers, many of them either first or second generation immigrants, during the course of the war. While several of these soldiers also held citizenship in other countries, they identified primarily as Americans.

Each of the members of the battalion fought for different reasons. Most of the original battalion volunteers were members of the Communist Party or socialist workers' organizations.

They entered through the Catalan border and established its first organization center in Figueras, although later it would be integrated into the structure of the International Brigades, based in Albacete. It participated in the battles of Jarama, Brunete, Zaragoza, Belchite and Teruel, and its forces were systematically decimated, given its lack of experience in organized armed struggle.

After less than two months of training, the Lincolns went into action and on February 27, 1937, the unit lost two-thirds of its strength. The battalion remained in combat and was slowly rebuilt while maintaining its front-line positions. The unit was finally pulled out of the lines for a brief rest before the offensive at Brunete.

Joined by the newly trained George Washington Battalion, the 15th Brigade went into action at Villanueva de la Cañada on the Brunete Offensive. Despite repeated assaults, they were unable to dislodge the Nationalist troops, but due to the high rate of casualties, the Lincoln and Washington Battalions were merged. Thereafter, the unit was officially known as the Lincoln-Washington Battalion, though it was more commonly referred to as the Lincoln Battalion.

From August to October the Lincoln-Washington Battalion fought in the Aragon Offensive. It fought well at Quinto and Belchite. On October 13, 1937, the 15th Brigade fought at Fuentes de Ebro, and in late December, the Lincoln-Washington Battalion was alerted for service at Teruel. The 15th Brigade was deployed to hold the recently captured city of Teruel against the expected Nationalist counterattack.

March found the Lincoln-Washington in reserve positions in Aragon. Their rest proved short-lived as the 15th Brigade was swept up in The Retreats, where the Lincoln-Washington Battalion was dispersed, reformed and dispersed again in a confused series of holding actions and retreats in which most of its personnel was killed, captured or missing. The remnants of the Battalion gathered on the far side of the Ebro River, where they were slowly reconstituted with a limited number of international volunteers from the hospitals and rear areas.

Spaniards were integrated into the Lincoln Battalion in Jarama and in July 1938, the rebuilt Lincoln-Washington Battalion participated in the Ebro Offensive. The 15th Brigade crossed the Ebro and rapidly advanced across territory they had retreated through in March and April. However, the Nationalist forces quickly rallied and the offensive stalled. The Republicans forces changed back to the defensive, contesting the area that had been captured in the offensive.

After Juan Negrín decided the demobilization of International Brigades, most of the surviving American volunteers returned to the US between December 1938 and January 1939. The prisoners of war were released after the fall of the government of the Republic, despite last prisoners of war did not reach the United States until September 1939.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

 

Related Authorities

Aalto, William (1915-1958)  ( It has as a member )

Associative relations :

Alexander, Frank Edward (1911-1996)  ( It has as a member )

Amery, Alfred Leopold (1909-2004)  ( It has as a member )

Amsbury, Clifton Holman (1910-2007)  ( It has as a member )

Anderson, Melvin (1910-1993)  ( It has as a member )

Azar, Joseph Harold (1914-2001)  ( It has as a member )

Bailey, William James (1910-1995)  ( It has as a member )

Barr, Reuben (1902-1993)  ( It has as a member )

Berkowitz, Norman Nathan (1913-2010)  ( It has as a member )

Bessie, Alvah Cecil (1904-1985)  ( It has as a member )

Bonetti, Frank Giuseppe (ca. 1914-1938)  ( It has as a member )

Brandt, Joseph (1907-1997)  ( It has as a member )

Brown, Archie (1911-1990)  ( It has as a member )

Browne, William Warner Moore (1915-)  ( It has as a member )

Burns, Paul Arthur (1906-1996)  ( It has as a member )

Chesler, Hyman Frank (1910-1990)  ( It has as a member )

Colodny, Robert Garland (1915-1997)  ( It has as a member )

Corbin, Rudolph James (1913-)  ( It has as a member )

Duncan, Lowell Oswalt (1909-1979)  ( It has as a member )

Fasanella, Ralph (1914-1997)  ( It has as a member )

Felson, Milton (1912-2005)  ( It has as a member )

Fishman, Moses (1915-2007)  ( It has as a member )

Frankel, Irving (1907-1994)  ( It has as a member )

Friedman, Maurice Wolf (1918-1938)  ( It has as a member )

Friends of Abraham Lincoln Battalion  ( La Friends of Abraham Lincoln Brigade fue una asociación estadounidense ligada a la Brigada Abraham Lincoln. El propósito de esta asociación fue apoyar a los brigadistas en el frente y a sus respectivas familias, así como los veteranos de la brigadas )

Gayle, Louis Anton (1912-2000)  ( It has as a member )

Giler, Henry (1916-1987)  ( It has as a member )

Gladnick, Robert (1914-2013)  ( It has as a member )

Goldring, Benjamin (1912-2000)  ( It has as a member )

Goldstein, Maynard (1913-2011)  ( It has as a member )

Hakam, Harry (1913-1996)  ( It has as a member )

Halonen, Oiva Ronald (1912-1981)  ( It has as a member )

Harris, Sidney (1916-1989)  ( It has as a member )

Heinricher, Stanley Anthony (1915-1990)  ( It has as a member )

Heisler, Gus (1911-1986)  ( It has as a member )

Hinman, Luke Anson (1905-1994)  ( It has as a member )

Holborn, Harry (1910-?)  ( It has as a member )

Hollander, Herman (1914-2001)  ( It has as a member )

Saelices American Hospital  ( It has as a member )

Katzman, Samuel (1911-?)  ( It has as a member )

Kaye, George (1915-1990)  ( It has as a member )

Keller, Fred Paul (1913-1993)  ( It has as a member )

Lamb, Leonard (1910-1995)  ( It has as a member )

Lee, Harold Harvey (1911-?)  ( It has as a member )

Lending, Edward Isaac (1912-2003)  ( It has as a member )

Levine, Sidney (1911-1999)  ( It has as a member )

Lloyd, Thomas Leroy (1908-?)  ( It has as a member )

Love, Vaughn Costine (1907-1990)  ( It has as a member )

McCarthy, William Frederick (1912-1987)  ( It has as a member )

McDaniels, Eluard Luchell (1912-1985)  ( It has as a member )

Minor, Ben (1916-1999)  ( It has as a member )

Mitchell, Irving (1911-1991)  ( It has as a member )

Nelson, Steve (1903-1993)  ( It has as a member )

Norton, Thomas Allen (1912-2003)  ( It has as a member )

Nusser, Charles (1914-1993)  ( It has as a member )

Olson, Leonard Evan (1902-1998)  ( It has as a member )

Payne, Earle Elwood (1911-?)  ( It has as a member )

Payne, Perley Baldwin Jr. (1914-2002)  ( It has as a member )

Perlman, Norman (1909-1996)  ( It has as a member )

Postek, Stanley (1912-1991)  ( It has as a member )

Rappaport, Irving William (1910-2007)  ( It has as a member )

Robbins, Albert (1909-ca. 1987)  ( It has as a member )

Rosenstein, Herman (1915-1996)  ( It has as a member )

Ross, Adolph (1917-1998)  ( It has as a member )

Schelling, Bartholomeus van der (1892-1970)  ( It has as a member )

Schwerner, Murray (1911-1985)  ( It has as a member )

Secundy, Louis (1908-1989)  ( It has as a member )

Shafran, Jacob Joseph (1917-2008)  ( It has as a member )

Shaker, Kenneth Rubin (1916-2001)  ( It has as a member )

Shufer, Max (1914-2006)  ( It has as a member )

Simon, John Leopold (1913-1999)  ( It has as a member )

Spiller, Samuel (1915-1997)  ( It has as a member )

Tabb, Herman L. (1913-2007)  ( It has as a member )

Tishup, Victor (1915-?)  ( It has as a member )

Watt, George (1913-1994)  ( It has as a member )

Weiner, Milton Morris (1912-1991)  ( It has as a member )

Whalen, Joseph Albert  ( It has as a member )

Wheeler, William J. (1910-1998)  ( It has as a member )

Wildegans, Gustave  ( It has as a member )

Hierarchical relationships :

Brigadas Internacionales (España)  - Child

Ejército Popular de la República (España)  - Child (Integrated by)

See ascendants

External Links

Catálogo de Autoridades:

VIAF

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