Veneranda García-Blanco Manzao
Person - García Manzano Blanco, Veneranda (1893-1992)

García Manzano Blanco, Veneranda (1893-1992)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

García Manzano Blanco, Veneranda (1893-1992)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Beloncio (Piloña, Asturias, España)  1893-04-27 - Oviedo (Asturias, España)  1992-02-10

History:

Spanish teacher and politician that was exiled. She was born in Beloncio (Asturias) in 1893. Her family was a well-off conservative one, her father was teacher and her mother was housewife. She made her basic studies in the same school her father used to work in, then in Infiesto (Asturias) and finally in the Normal School of Oviedo at the age of 14. In 1915, she passed the Civil Service examination for teacher, working in villages in the mountain.

In 1918, she married Féliz García Cortés, who moved to Cuba in order to work in the tobacco field. They had two children (Óscar and Ramón). The whole family went to La Habana in 1921 until 1927. They returned to Oviedo and she worked as teacher again in Vidiago (Asturias). She started her political career in 1930 by creating, along with other liberal intellectuals and professionals, the Republican Center of Llanes (Asturias), and joined the Socialist Party (PSOE) with the foundation of the Political Parties. She was candidate to be Representative of Asturias in 1933. She supported the Asturian miners' strike of 1934 and was imprisoned in Oviedo jail. Se was quite involved in the elections of 1930 of the President of the Republic.

Between 1936 and 1939, she was Primary School Intendent and, when the Spanish Civil War started, she was in charge of the orphanages of Asturias. In 1937, she sent her sons to France and she moved to Valencia, where she worked as Intendent. When the war was over, she reunited with her sons in France and went together to Mexico on board "Flandre" ship. Once there, she collaborated with the PSOE and founded the "Patronato Promesas de Franco". When Jaime Vera's group disabled, she joined the Communist Party in 1947 along with other partners, abandoning the PSOE in 1946 as well.

She returned to Spain in 1977 and died in Oviedo the 10th October 1992. The PSOE granted her the honorific membership posthumously during the XXXVII Congress of July 2008.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

 
República Española, 1931-1939

Description: En 1933, candidata a diputada por Asturias. Luego durante la guerra es nombrada Inspectora de Educación.

 

Occupations

Inspectores de Enseñanza Primaria between 1936 and 1939

Legislators in 1933 Obs.:  Diputada por Oviedo

Merchants in  México  Obs.:  Empresaria tienda de moda

Profession (carried on by):

Primary school teachers

Places

Domicile:

Oviedo (Asturias, España) in 1915

Domicile:

Llanes (Asturias, España) in 1930

Domicile:

La Habana between 1921 and 1927

Place of departure:

France in 1939 Obs.:  comienzo del exilio.

Place of arrival:

Veracruz (México) in 1939-05-31

Domicile:

Ciudad de México (México) in 1939

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Beloncio (Piloña, Asturias, España) in 1893-04-27

Lugar de Defunción:

Oviedo (Asturias, España) in 1992-02-10

Subjects

It belongs to:

Spanish socialists

Gender:

Mujer

Sources

. Pla Brugat, Dolores. Catálogo del fondo de historia oral : refugiados españoles en México : Archivo de la Palabra. 1ª ed.. Dolores Pla Brugat (coordinadora). México D.F.: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia. 2011. 1 CD-ROM. 978-607-484-184-8.

García Manzano, Veneranda. Aub, Elena. Proyecto de Historia Oral "Refugiados Españoles en México", Archivo de la Palabra, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH), México : entrevista a la señora Veneranda García Manzano. realizada por Elena Aub [para el Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia de México En Colaboración Con el Ministerio de Cultura de España]. [s.L.: S.N.]. 106 P..

Related Authorities

Federación Española de Trabajadores de la Enseñanza (España)  ( He/She is a member of )

Associative relations :

Partido Comunista de España  ( He/She is the owner/beneficiary/president of; En México. )

Partido Socialista Obrero Español. Comisión Ejecutiva  ( He/She is a member of )

Family relationships :

García García Manzano, Ángela (1918-?)  - Progenitor (She is the mother of)

García García Manzano, Óscar (1922-?)  - Progenitor (She is the mother of)

García García Manzano, Ramón (1921-?)  - Progenitor (She is the mother of)

See successors

Documents

Producer of:

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