Manuel Fernández-Montesinos
Person - Fernández-Montesinos, Manuel (1932-2013)

Fernández-Montesinos, Manuel (1932-2013)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Fernández-Montesinos, Manuel (1932-2013)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Granada (España)  1932-05-05 - Madrid (España)  2013-01-18

History:

Spanish politician. His father, the doctor Manuel Fernández‑Montesinos Lustau, was councillor and mayor of Granada for the Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE/Spanish Socialist Worker's Party) and affiliate with Unión General de Trabajadores (UGT/General Union of Workers). Federico García Lorca was his maternal uncle. His father was shot at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War, and after it some of his cousins ​​were held in prisons and concentration camps and his family assets were confiscated.

In 1939 the family emigrated to the United States and settled in New York. In 1951 he returned to Madrid and began his law studies at the Central University. In 1956 he joined the Agrupación Socialista Universitaria (ASU/University Socialist Association), participating in university protests. He was sentenced to one year in prison on charges of spreading illegal political propaganda and he was incarcerated at Carabanchel prison.

Once he was released, he obtained a scholarship to write his doctoral thesis at the University of Frankfurt. Since 1959 he worked at IG‑Metall, the metallurgical union of the German Confederation of Trade Unions, being one of the founders of the UGT Section of Frankfurt, which he presided over between 1960 and 1964, and of the UGT Federation of Germany, which he also presided between 1961 and 1964.

He was one of the creators of the Alianza Sindical Obrera (ASO/Workers' Trade Union Alliance), which united the UGT, the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (CNT/National Confederation of Labour), and Solidaridad de Obreros Cristianos de Cataluña (Solidarity of Christian Workers of Catalonia) in Spain, and which was promoted by the union IG‑Metall against the criterion of the UGT management in exile. These disagreements led to the departure of Manuel Fernández‑Montesinos from UGT in 1964. He carried out several trips to Spain in order to intervene in the organizational work of the ASO. He was arrested in one of them and sentenced to six months in prison in 1969. After the arrest of its main leaders, the ASO was dismantled. After this he returned to Germany, although he continued his frequent trips to Spain.

In 1973 he returned definitively to Spain, joined the Agrupación Socialista de Chamartín (Socialist Association of Chamartín) and participated in the reorganization of PSOE during the Democratic Transition. In 1977 he joined the UGT Federación de Trabajadores (Federation of Land Workers) and was elected deputy for Granada in the Constituent Cortes.

In 1981 he began studying Spanish Philology and later moved to the United States to work as a professor at Knox College in Illinois. In 1983 he participated in the creation of the Federico García Lorca Foundation, of which he was Secretary‑General and President between 2002 and 2006. After that, he continued to be the spokesperson for the Community of Heirs of Federico García Lorca. He died in Madrid on 18 January 2013.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

 
Cortes Constituyentes, 1977-1979

Date of the event: 1977-07-13 - 1979-01-02

 

Places

Domicile:

New York between 1939 and 1951

Domicile:

Germany between 1959 and 1973

Domicile:

United States between 1982 and 1983

Granada (España) between 1977 and 1979 Obs.:  Diputado en el Congreso

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Granada (España) in 1932-05-05

Lugar de Defunción:

Madrid (España) in 2013-01-18

Subjects

Gender:

Varón

Related Authorities

Family relationships :

Fernández Montesinos, José (1897-1972)  - Collateral (He/She is the nephew/niece of)

García Lorca, Federico (1898-1936)  - Collateral (He/She is the nephew/niece of)

Partido Socialista Obrero Español  ( He/She is a member of )

Associative relations :

Unión General de Trabajadores (España)  ( He/She is a member of )

Documents

Producer of:

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