Spanish Archives - Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport

Person - Zambrano, María (1904-1991)

Zambrano, María (1904-1991)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Zambrano, María (1904-1991)Other forms

Fechas de existencia:

Vélez-Málaga (Málaga, España)  1904 - Madrid (España)  1991

History:

Spanish writer and philosopher. Daughter of Blas José Zambrano García de Carabantes and Araceli Alarcón Delgado, teachers at the Lifelong Learning school of Vélez-Málaga, as well as her grandfather, Francisco Alarcón. Her father was destined for Madrid, and later for Segovia, where he became a friend of Antonio Machado. In Segovia, he also met León Felipe and, thanks to his cousin, Miguel Pizarro, he acquainted Federico García Lorca.

Marina began her official studies in Philosophy in the former Universidad Complutense of Madrid. Some of her teachers there were Ortega y Gasset and Zubiri. She was appointed professor of Metaphysics in the same university, and taught in the Instituto-Escuela. Moreover, she frequently collaborated with the Revista de Occidente. She joined the Federación Universitaria Española (Spanish University Students Association) (1928) and participated in the Misiones Pedagógicas. In 1936, she married the diplomatic Alfonso Rodríguez Aldave, secretary of the Spanish Republic Embassy in Santiago de Chile. They both went to Chile, firstly reaching port in Havana, where she met Jose Lezama Lima, with whom she shared a great friendship. They came back to Spain in 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, when her husband joined the Army, and she settled in Valencia, where she supported the defense of the Second Spanish Republic Government.

In 1939, they both were exiled, first in France and later in Mexico. Once in the Aztec country, she worked as professor of Philosophy in the Universidad de San Nicolás de Hidalgo (Morelia). She also lived in other countries such as Cuba and Puerto Rico.

In 1953, María Zambrano came back to Europe, and once again, she lived in diverse countries such as Italy or Switzerland, until 1984, when she finally returned to Spain. She was granted with the Premio Cervantes (1988) and died three years later in Madrid.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

 

Occupations

Profesión (Es realizada por):

Escritores españoles

Profesión (Es realizada por):

Filósofos

actividad:

Profesores

Places

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Vélez-Málaga (Málaga, España) in 1904

Lugar de Defunción:

Madrid (España) in 1991

Subjects

está:

Exiliados

sexo:

Mujer

Nacionalidad:

Españoles

Related Authorities

Alianza de Intelectuales Antifascistas para la Defensa de la Cultura (España)  ( Es miembro de )

Associative relations :

Instituto-Escuela (Madrid, España)  ( Es empleado en/trabaja en )

Ortega y Gasset, José (1883-1955)  ( Es aprendiz (de un oficio) de/ es alumno de/ trabaja con )

Universidad Central. Facultad de Filosofía y Letras (Madrid, España)  ( Es empleado en/trabaja en )

Valente, José Ángel (1929-2000)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Varela Vázquez, Lorenzo (1916-1978)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Family relationships :

Rodríguez Aldave, Alfonso (1911-2008)  - Marriage (Esta casado/a con)

Díez Fernández, Carlos (1905-1952)  - Collateral (Es cuñado/a de; Estuvo casado con su hermana Araceli Zambrano este matrimonio duró muy poco.)

Pizarro, Miguel (1897-1956)  - Collateral (Es primo/a de)

External Links

Recurso web:

las sinsobrero

Catálogo de Autoridades:

VIAF

Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España

Documents

Producer of:

  • No Units of Description associated.

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  • Archivo Histórico Nacional  (2)