Enrique Múgica
Person - Múgica, Enrique (1932-2020)

Múgica, Enrique (1932-2020)




Preferred form:

Múgica, Enrique (1932-2020)Other forms

Fechas de existencia:

Donostia-San Sebastián (Gipuzkoa, España)  1932-02-20 - Madrid (España)  2020-04-10


Spanish lawyer and politician. Law degree from the University of Madrid (currently UCM). Enrique Múgica has been affiliated to the Communist Party since 1953, and he participated actively in the National Student Congress of 1956. There, several incidents that led to the declaration of the state of emergency occurred, as well as the imprisonment of Múgica, along with Ramón Tamames, Miguel Sánchez‑Mazas, Dionisio Ridruejo, and Javier Pradera. After three and a half months imprisioned in Carabanchel, he was released and he acquired greater responsibilities within the clandestine communist organisation: member of the provincial committee of Guipúzcoa of the Partido Comunista de España (PCE/Communist Party of Spain) and of the national secretariat of intellectuals. He was arrested again in 1956 and in 1962, being sentenced, on this last occasion, to 6 years in the Burgos prison. During his stay in prision, he left PCE due to ideological discrepancies and he joined the Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE/Spanish Socialist Worker's Party) in 1963. In 1964 he was released. In 1967 he was elected member of the PSOE Executive Committee. In 1971 he was arrested again accused of illicit association and illegal propaganda, this time along with of Felipe González and other socialist leaders.

Enrique Múgica was elected Deputy for Guipúzcoa in the Constituent Assembly, I, II, III, IV, V, VI and VII parliamentary terms; of the PSOE, between 1977 and 1979, of the PSE-PSOE between 1979 and 1993 and of the PSE-EE from 1993 to 2000. He has been Minister for Justice (1988‑1991) and Ombudsman (2000-2010). In 1996 his brother, Fernando Múgica, was killed by ETA. He has published numerous works in El País, ABC, Informaciones, Diario 16, El Socialista and other publications.

Cortes Constituyentes, 1977-1979

Date of the event: 1977-07-13 - 1979-01-02



Profesión (Es realizada por):




(Función) Desempeña/lleva a cabo/realiza:

Diputados between 1977 and 2000

(Función) Desempeña/lleva a cabo/realiza:



Lugar de Residencia:

Madrid (España)

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Donostia-San Sebastián (Gipuzkoa, España) in 1932-02-20

Lugar de Defunción:

Madrid (España) in 2020-04-10




(Función) Desempeña/lleva a cabo/realiza:



Menéndez, Manuel Ángel. Fontes, Ignacio. Quién es quién: sus señorías los diputados : atlas de la democracia parlamentaria española. Manuel Ángel Menéndez Gijón, Ignacio Fontes. Tres Cantos (Madrid): Foca. 931 p.. 84-95440-25-3.

Related Authorities

González Márquez, Felipe (1942-)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Associative relations :

Partido Comunista de España  ( Es miembro de )

Partido Socialista Obrero Español  ( Es miembro de )

Ridruejo, Dionisio (1912-1975)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Tamames, Ramón (1933-)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

External Links

Catálogo de Autoridades:


Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España