Martínez de la Rosa, Francisco (1787-1862)
Person - Martínez de la Rosa, Francisco (1787-1862)

Martínez de la Rosa, Francisco (1787-1862)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Martínez de la Rosa, Francisco (1787-1862)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Granada (España)  1787-03-10 - 1862-02-07

History:

Spanish politician and a man of letters. Minister and President of the Council of Ministers.

He studied Law and was professor of moral philosophy in Granada's University. During the Peninsular War he was member of Cadiz's Cortes. He was exiled on the island of La Gomera because of the absolutist restoration in 1814. He was the elected deputy for Granada in the Trienio Liberal (Liberal Triennium) (1820). In the Liberal party he was ideologically moderate, known as anilleros, in favor of a compromise with the Crown and of revising the Constitution of 1812, reinforcing the monarchical power, similar to the regime then in force in France. As a reaction against the "exalted" majority of the Cortes of 1822, Ferdinand VII entrusted him to form a Government and chose him as State's secretary. After the failure of the uprising of the Royal Guard on 7 July 1822, the day on which the government was sequestered in the palace, Martínez de la Rosa resigned due to the shift in public opinion towards "exalted" positions. With the absolutist uprising of 1823, he had to leave Spain, and he went to Paris, where he was influenced by Guizot's indoctrinating liberalism, at the same time that his literary activity started to soak romanticism.

He returned to Madrid in 1831 because of the amnesty that was decreed that same year. The regent Maria Cristina looked for support in the liberal party to protect the dynastic rights of her daughter Isabella II of Spain, so she appointed him the President of the Council of Ministers in January 1834. Under his mandate, the Royal Statute of 1834 was promulgated, which marked the definitive transition to a constitutional monarchy. He left this position in the government in the summer of 1835. He was deputy in the ordinary Cortes that resulted from the Constitution of 1837. After Espartero's regency, he was appointed Minister of State during the government of Narváez of 1844, and he took part in the moderate Constitution of 1845.

He was Paris' and Rome's ambassador between 1848 and 1849. He was president of the parliament in the three last terms of the Década Moderada (Moderate Decade), and his election for that position in 1852 symbolized the rejection of Bravo Murillo's political reform, to which fall he contributed. He was in the government of Armero (1857) as State's Minister, and he was the Council's State President in 1858. He wrote different political and historical works like El Espíritu del Siglo (1851) and La conjuración de Venecia (1834), which is a romantic drama. He died in Madrid in 1862.

Liberal Triennium, 1820-1823

Date of the event: 1820 - 1823

 

Occupations

Activity:

Politicians

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Cabinet officers

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Professors

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Legislators

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Escritores españoles

Places

Paris  Obs.:  Destierro

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Granada (España) in 1787-03-10

Lugar de Defunci¿n:

Madrid (España) in 1862-02-07

Sources

DD.AA. Enciclopedia de Historia de España. Vol. IV: Diccionario biográfico. Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 1991. 910 p.

Related Authorities

Argüelles, Agustín (1776-1844)  ( He/She is friend with )

Associative relations :

Ateneo de Madrid (España)  ( He/She is a member of; Presidente del Ateneo de Madrid. )

Cólogan Franchi, Juan Antonio (1793-1854)

Garelly Battifora, Nicolás María (1777-1850)  ( He/She is friend with )

Moscoso de Altamira, José María (1788-1854)  ( He/She is friend with )

Queipo de Llano Ruiz de Saravia, José María (1786-1843)  ( It has as a member; Es ministro de Hacienda en el gabinete conformado en 1834 )

External Links

Biografía virtual:

Diccionario biográfico RAH

Catálogo de Autoridades:

VIAF

Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de Espa¿a

Documents

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