Decree of expulsion of the Moors living in the kingdoms of Castile sent to the town of Pastrana and proceedings of its fulfillment

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Decree of expulsion of the Moors living in the kingdoms of Castile sent to the town of Pastrana and proceedings of its fulfillment

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Date of creation:

1610-07-10 , Aranda de Duero (Burgos, España)  -  1610-08-04 , Pastrana (Guadalajara, España)

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Unidad Documental Compuesta_en

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Biography / Administrative history:

Content and Structure

Scope and Content:

It includes:

- Printed copy of the decree, accompanied by a written note that claims to be a copy of the original.

- The note of its reception and fulfillment by the corregidor of the town of Pastrana.

- The note that has been read aloud, in the squares and markets.


The expulsion of the Moriscos decreed by Felipe III was carried out in several phases, the first in Valencia on April 9, 1609, followed by that of Aragon and Castile in 1610. He intended to give a drastic solution to the existence of a minority that, although converted to Christianity, remained culturally familiar with Islam, and that politically and socially was felt as a threat to the Monarchy, being considered as a fifth column, since they were linked to Berber piracy and the Ottoman Empire. However, this expulsion was not carried out uniformly in all the Kingdoms. Seen the effects in the Kingdom of Valencia, the Castilian and Aragonese nobility fought to avoid the sangria for their dominion of the exit of this population, including in the decree of Castile a series of exceptions (slaves, clergymen, friars or nuns or other exceptions like moriscas married with old Christians, that were used like tricks to avoid the exit of the kingdom).

The effects of the expulsion meant the loss of between 270,000 and 320,000 people. In general terms, these figures only meant 4% of the estimated population in the Spanish Monarchy kingdoms, however, its effects were not homogeneous, since in some territories, such as Valencia, the expulsion meant the loss of 33% of the population, leaving some regions practically depopulated, and therefore, many lords without vassals. As a result, the economy suffered in those places most affected by the demographic loss, since with them an important mass of workers in the agricultural, crafts and transportation sectors was lost.




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©MECD. Archivos Estatales (España). La difusión de la información descriptiva y de las imágenes digitales de este documento ha sido autorizada por el titular de los derechos de propiedad intelectual exclusivamente para uso privado y para actividades de docencia e investigación. En ningún caso se autoriza su reproducción con finalidad lucrativa ni su distribución, comunicación pública y transformación por cualquier medio sin autorización expresa y por escrito del propietario.

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Related documentation

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Digitized contains digitized images



This document was pre-selected for EXILIOS, CORRIENTES MIGRATORIAS Y SOLIDARIDAD exhibition of the "European Digital Treasures" project, funded by the European Union's Creative Europe Programme.

Extent and medium

28 Documento(s) on Papel_en . 
1 Documento(s) on Papel_en .  Size  Folio_en.