Person - Amery, Alfred Leopold (1909-2004)

Amery, Alfred Leopold (1909-2004)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Amery, Alfred Leopold (1909-2004)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Massachusetts (Estados Unidos)  1909 - Massachusetts (Estados Unidos)  2004-01-05

History:

Alfred Amery was born in 1909 in Newton, Massachusetts. He joined the US Navy at the age of 17 and later joined the US Army serving in both infantry and cavalry. In 1927, he spent three years in Monterey, California, where he was a member of a U.S. Cavalry unit. In 1930, he returned to Massachusetts to care for his mother and re-joined the army in 1932.

During the Depression, Amery was introduced to the writings of Marx, Engels and Lenin and developed a left-wing political outlook. Since there was little work to be done and his only training was in the military, he decided to go to Spain and fight for the Loyalists in the Spanish Civil War.

He sailed on March 31, 1937 aboard the “President Harding” and arrived in Spain on May 5, 1937. He entered in the International Brigade as a volunteer and during his training with the Washington Battalion but he was transferred to serve in the cadre of the MacKenzie-Papineau Battalion. He was a commanding officer and fought at Fuentes de Ebro, Teruel, Seguro de los Banos, and the first battles of the retreats.

During the stage of the retreats, he became disillusioned and discouraged with the leadership of the International Brigades and with the war, and he decided to desert. He managed to leave Spain aboard of a British ship and returned to the US on April 28, 1938.

Amery got married on 1941 with Priscilla Wright. He also wrote poetry on both personal and political themes and two autobiographical typescripts about his experience in the armed forces during the 1920s and 1930s, his service in the

MacKenzie-Papineau Battalion during the Spanish Civil War and his introduction to Communist politics.

Amery died on January 5, 2004, in Pepperell, Massachusetts, and, even though he deserted from the war and had never been a member of the Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade (VALB), his headstone reads "Veteran of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade”.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

 

Occupations

Activity:

Brigadists

Places

Domicile:

United States

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Massachusetts (Estados Unidos) in 1909

Lugar de Defunción:

Massachusetts (Estados Unidos) in 2004-01-05

Subjects

Sources

Martínez Reverte, Jorge (2014), Martínez Reverte, Jorge, Guerrilleros y traidores. De la guerra de España a la guerra fría. Madrid, Círculo de Lectores, 2014

Related Authorities

Brigadas Internacionales  ( He/She is a member of )

Associative relations :

Abraham Lincoln Battalion  ( He/She is a member of )

External Links

Catálogo Archivístico:

Archivegrid

Recurso web:

The volunteer

Documents

Producer of:

  • No Description Units associated.