Person - Medina Navascués, María de los Ángeles (1917- )

Medina Navascués, María de los Ángeles (1917- )




Preferred form:

Medina Navascués, María de los Ángeles (1917- )

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

1917 (El redactor desconoce la fecha exacta del nacimiento.)


She was the daughter of a military veterinarian that participated in the conflict of Morocco for several years. She was born in Ceuta in 1917 and raised in a paternal coming from Toledo that counted on distinguished professionals in the Spanish veterinary science of the time. Her parents were Manuel Medina García and his wife, María Navascués González. This last-mentioned woman was born in Manila and was the daughter of Felipe Navascués Garayoa, an official at the Spanish infantry posted in Philippines and Ceuta, and Marina González de Arlegui. Her paternal grandfather, Victoriano Medina Ruiz, was a military veterinarian as well as her father, and was the founder of the Official College of Veterinarians of Toledo. Her uncle Santiago Medina Rossi also leaded this professional corporation between 1930 and 1939. Her family moved to Madrid, where her sisters, Esperanza and Teresa, were born. The ten-year old girl's mother and daughters donated money to the campaign for the creation of a College for the Veterinarian's orphans in October 1927. It was a project supported by her father and organized by the "Semana Veterinaria", a magazine managed by Félix Gordón Ordax. When she finished high school, she attended the first course of the Superior School of Veterinary Science of Madrid between 1935 and 1936. Women did not get the 1% of the students matriculated before the Civil War. With the military uprising on July 1936, África, her sister Ángela and the rest of her classmates had to interrupt their studies. Sheltered in the Republican zone after Barcelona and Girona's fall, she went into exile in France with her mother and her 4 sisters, walking through Collado de los Belitres and crossing the railway's tunnel that connected Spain and France. They were first admitted by a French family in Port Sainte Marie, in the South of France. Her father, a colonel of cavalry in the republican army, also moved to France when the Civil War ended. The whole family was concentrated in a refugees' camp in Bordeaux. Shortly after, they boarded the French steamboat "Mexique" in Bordeaux together with other 2060 refugees thanks to the Mexican Government. This ship was chartered by the Spanish Republicans Evacuation Service under the Colonel Antonio Haro Oliva's protection, the ship's Mexican authority, commissioned by the General Lázaro Cárdenas, president of the Republic of Mexico. It arrived in Veracruz's port on the 27th of July 1939 early morning. The family stayed in Veracruz some weeks before moving to the City of Mexico. They established in Colonia Roma. Teresa, the younger sister, wrote "Memorias del exilio: La vida cotidiana de los primeros refugiados españoles en México", which was published in 2007. The chapter called "La hacienda de Santa Bárbara" explained the reasons of the professional friendship's breakup between her father and Félix Gordón Ordas. She wrote about the estrangement between both families, which was due to the cold reception and the refusal to help of Gordón Ordás and his wife, who were settled down in the Mexican capital since May 1936, when her family arrived in Mexico. Gordón started to work as an ambassador of Spain in Mexico that same year. When the republican colonel and bacteriologist Manuel Medina García obtained the Mexican nationality, he founded the Anier laboratories at the 183 Colima Street, in front of the small palace that occupied the Galician Centre in Mexico, in Colonia Roma; they were laboratories specialized in the preparation of vaccines, bacterins and serums for the control and prevention of infectious animal diseases. Ángela and her sister África, the older daughters, worked as teachers in a primary school in Santa María Tulpetlac, a little indigenous town located at the northern part of the Valley of Mexico shortly after their arrival in the capital. However, as soon as the familiar situation returned to normal, both continued their careers in veterinary science that have been interrupted in Madrid. They started in the old Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics School in San Jacinto, at the Autonomous National University of Mexico, located in Tacuba. In 1947, Dr. Ángeles Medina Navascués graduated with a thesis called "Variations to Khjendahl's method", and was the first woman that obtained in Mexico the title of husbandry and veterinary doctor. Dr. Angelita worked during her whole life as a teacher of "Cytology, Histology, Embryology and Internship", foremother of the Department of Histology of the UNAM. Due to the biographical sketch on "Teacher Angelita", published by the Mexican Miguel Ángel Márquez, professor at the Faculty of Medicine, Veterinary Science and Zootechinics of the Autonomous National University of Mexico, we know that she married the Mexican veterinarian José Luis Ayala, with whom she had not children. They later got divorced. It is also known that when she retired, she taught and read ad honorem for so many years to blind persons and patients at the Blind Persons' Hospital of Coyoacán. In September 2009, she lived with 93 years at the residence Polanco's Spanish Benefit Association in the City of Mexico.


Related Authorities

Family relationships :

Medina Navascués, África (1915-2005)  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Medina Navascués, Carmen (1919-?)  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Medina Navascués, Esperanza (1922-2012)  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Medina Navascués, Teresa (1924-2009)  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Medina García, Manuel (1887-1961)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

Navascués González, María (1886-1959)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

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