Person - Medina Navascués, Esperanza (1922-2012)

Medina Navascués, Esperanza (1922-2012)




Preferred form:

Medina Navascués, Esperanza (1922-2012)

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Madrid (España)  1922 - Ciudad de México (México)  2012-01-31 (El redactor desconoce la fecha exacta del nacimiento.El redactor no conoce la fecha exacta del fallecimiento)


She was the daughter of a military veterinarian that participated in the conflict of Morocco for several years. Her family on her father's side came from Toledo and counted on distinguished professionals in the Spanish veterinary science of the time. Her parents were Manuel Medina García and his wife, María Navascués González. This last-mentioned woman was born in Manila and was the daughter of Felipe Navascués Garayoa, an official at the Spanish infantry posted in Philippines and Ceuta. Her paternal grandfather, Victoriano Medina Ruiz, was a military veterinarian as well as her father, and was the founder of the Official College of Veterinarians of Toledo. Her uncle Santiago Medina Rossi also leaded this professional corporation between 1930 and 1939. Her family moved to Madrid, where her sisters, Esperanza and Teresa, were born. The ten-year-old girl's mother and daughters donated money to the campaign for the creation of a College for the Veterinarian's orphans in October 1927. It was a project supported by her father and organized by the "Semana Veterinaria", a magazine managed by Félix Gordón Ordax. She was hided out in a republican zone after Barcelona and Girona's fall. She moved to France together with her mother and her four sisters traversing Collado de los Belitres and crossing the tunnel of the railway that unified the Spain and France. They were first admitted by a French family in Port Sainte Marie, in the South of France. Her father, a colonel of cavalry in the republican army when the Civil War ended, also moved to France. The whole family was concentrated in a refugees' camp in Bordeaux. Shortly after, they boarded the French steamboat "Mexique" in Bordeaux together with other 2060 refugees thanks to the Mexican Government. This ship was chartered by the Spanish Republicans Evacuation Service under the Colonel Antonio Haro Oliva's protection, the ship's Mexican authority, commissioned by the general Lázaro Cárdenas, president of the Republic of Mexico. It arrived in Veracruz's port on the 27th of July 1939's early morning. The family stayed in Veracruz some weeks before moving to the City of Mexico. They established in Colonia Roma. Teresa, the younger sister, wrote "Memorias del exilio: La vida cotidiana de los primeros refugiados españoles en México", which was published in 2007. The chapter called "La hacienda de Santa Bárbara" explained the reasons of the professional friendship's breakup between her father and Félix Gordón Ordas. She wrote about the estrangement between both families, which was due to the cold reception and the refusal to help of Gordón Ordás and his wife, who were settled down in the Mexican capital since May 1936, when her family arrived in Mexico. Gordón started to work as an ambassador of Spain in Mexico that same year. When the republican colonel and bacteriologist Manuel Medina García obtained the Mexican nationality founded the Anier laboratories at the 183 Colima Street, in front of the small palace that occupies the Galician Centre in Mexico, in Colonia Roma; they were laboratories specialized in the preparation of vaccines, bacterins and serums for the control and prevention of infectious animal diseases.


Lugar de Nacimiento:

Madrid (España) in 1922

Lugar de Defunción:

Ciudad de México (México) in 2012-01-31




Related Authorities

Family relationships :

Medina Navascués, África (1915-2005)  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Medina Navascués, Carmen (1919-?)  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Medina Navascués, María de los Ángeles (1917- )  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Medina García, Manuel (1887-1961)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

Navascués González, María (1886-1959)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

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