Spanish Archives - Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport

Person - Buen, Odón de (1863-1945)

Buen, Odón de (1863-1945)




Preferred form:

Buen, Odón de (1863-1945)Other forms

Fechas de existencia:

Zuera (Zaragoza, España)  1863 - Ciudad de México (México)  1945


Spanish naturalist that stood out as founder of the Spanish oceanography. He studied in the Faculty of Sciences of Madrid. His political concern led him to meet a very important person in his life, his mentor and later father-in-law Fernando Lozano Monter, owner of the newspaper "Las Dominicales del Libre Pensamiento", where Odón de Buen learnt to write for the public audience. Along with Lozano, he entered the masonry and embrace the ideology of the freethinking that supported his whole life.

He married Rafaela Lozano y Rey and had six children, and all of them became, like their father, doctors. Five of them were professors in universities, and four of them were "Premios Extraordinario de Licenciatura" as well as their father.

Odón was an enthusiastic scientific that wanted, just like Santiago Ramón y Cajal, to make Spain a scientific country. He was the founder and director of the "Instituto Español de Oceanografía" created in 1914.

He was professor of Natural History in the University of Barcelona between 1890 and 1991, and in the University of Madrid since 1911 until his retirement in 1933. When the Spanish Civil War started, he went to to his laboratory in Majorca, but was arrested and imprisoned for a year.

He spent the rest of the conflict in Barcelona and finally went to France and then to Mexico in 1942, where three of their sons had already arrived. He died there three years later.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

Nyassa I (barco de vapor)

Date of the event: 1906 - 1951



Zuera (Zaragoza, España) in 1863-11-18

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Zuera (Zaragoza, España) in 1863

Lugar de Defunción:

Ciudad de México (México) in 1945




Related Authorities

Aldecoa González, Carmen (1897-1988)  ( Colabora con )

Associative relations :

Aranda Millán, Francisco (1881-1937)  ( Tiene como aprendiz a/ es maestro de/ es jefe de )

Fuset Tubiá, José (1871-1952)  ( Colabora con )

Universidad Central. Facultad de Ciencias (Madrid, España)  ( Es empleado en/trabaja en )

Universidad de Barcelona (España)  ( Catedrático de Historia Natural de la Universidad de Barcelona. )

Family relationships :

Lozano Rey, Rafaela (1870-1941)  - Marriage (Esta casado/a con)

López de Heredia, Berta  - Collateral (Es suegro/a de)

López de Heredia, Francisca (1888-1972)  - Collateral (Es suegro/a de)

Lozano Montes, Fernando (1844-1935)  - Collateral (Es yerno/nuera de)

Lozano Rey, Luis (1879-1958)  - Collateral (Es cuñado/a de)

Lozano Rey, Paz (1887-1964)  - Collateral (Es suegro/a de)

Buen López de Heredia, Berta de (1923-?)  - Progenitor (Es abuelo/a de)

Buen López de Heredia, Óscar de (1925-2018)  - Progenitor (Es abuelo/a de)

Buen López de Heredia, Rafaela de (1921-2016)  - Progenitor (Es abuelo/a de)

Buen López de Heredia, Sadí de (1921-2000)  - Progenitor (Es abuelo/a de)

Buen Lozano, Demófilo de (1890-1946)  - Progenitor (Es padre de)

Buen Lozano, Eliseo de (1899-ca.1979)  - Progenitor (Es padre de)

Buen Lozano, Fernando de (1895-1962)  - Progenitor (Es padre de)

Buen Lozano, Jorge de (1927-2019)  - Progenitor (Es abuelo/a de)

Buen Lozano, Néstor de (1925-2016)  - Progenitor (Es abuelo/a de)

Buen Lozano, Paz de (1920- )  - Progenitor (Es abuelo/a de)

Buen Lozano, Rafael de (1891-1966)  - Progenitor (Es padre de)

Buen Lozano, Víctor de (1902-?)  - Progenitor (Es padre de)

Buen, Sadí de (1893-1936)  - Progenitor (Es padre de)

See successors


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Related documents:

  • Centro Documental de la Memoria Histórica  (12)
  • Archivo Histórico Nacional  (24)