Fernando Álvarez de Miranda
Person - Álvarez de Miranda, Fernando (1924-2016)

Álvarez de Miranda, Fernando (1924-2016)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Álvarez de Miranda, Fernando (1924-2016)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Santander (Cantabria, España)  1924 - Madrid (España)  2016

History:

Spanish jurist, lecturer and politician. He was the first President of the Congress of Deputies of the Spanish Democracy, between 1977 and 1979. He studied Law at the Universities of Madrid and Zaragoza, and Communitarian Law at the University of Luxembourg. Álvarez de Miranda stayed at the University as an assistant professor of D. Leonardo Prieto Castro during 12 years, teaching Procedure Law. He had been working as a practicing lawyer from 1952, when he joined the Illustrious Bar Association of Madrid. During the 60's, he took part actively in the pro-European movement which laid the foundation of the basis for the entry of Spain in the Council of Europe, and subsequently, the European Communities. In 1962, Álvarez de Miranda attended to the European Movement Congress, known during the Spanish dictatorship as the "Munich Conspiracy", being removed to Fuerteventura (Canary Islands) and expelled from the General Administration Technical Team of the Provincial Council of Madrid because of that. By the European Council requirement, he appeared in the Nations Committee in 1961 to report on the Spanish political situation. During the Francoism, Álvarez de Miranda supported monarchy and D. Juan de Borbón, and he was appointed member of the Count of Barcelona Private Council in 1964.

Thanks to his pro-European position, Álvarez de Miranda became the president of the Spanish Federal Council of the European Movement between 1978 and 1986, and the vice-president of the International Executive Committee in 1982. He founded the Christian Democratic Popular Party in 1976, and a year later, he participated in the foundation of Adolfo Suarez's Democratic Centre Union or UCD. In the Constituent Legislature and the I Legislature, he was elected deputy for Palencia (province). Signer of the 1978 Constitution, Álvarez de Medina headed the Congress of Deputies, without any electoral process, between July and October 1977, and then by being elected until 23th March 1979. Moreover, he headed the Courts office which moved to Strasbourg in 1977 to canvass the entry of Spain in the European Council. Álvarez de Medina headed also the Democracy and Humanism Foundation in 1979, and took part in the Amnesty International office, which investigated the human rights situation in Guatemala in 1980 and 1981. In 1979, he leaded the Spanish Office of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.

Between 1986 and 1989, Álvarez de Medina worked as the Plenipotentiary Ambassador in the Republic of El Salvador. In 1989 he was appointed Elective Councilor at the Council of State, and in 1992, a member of the Experts Committee of the European Union for the of Human Rights Plurennial Programme in Central America. From 1994 to 1999, Álvarez de Medina worked as Ombudsman, claiming widow's pensions for unmarried couples, publishing the first Institution report about violence and censoring the delay in the payment of expropriations. He also requested the right to a free defence for immigrants. In 1997, During the II Annual Congress of the FIO (Ibero-American Ombudsman Federation), Álvarez de Medina was appointed its president. In the same year, he was also named the First Vice-President of the Spanish National Committee for the United Nations' Universal Declaration of Human Rights 50th anniversary, held in 1998. Furthermore, he worked as a legal advisor at the "hermanos Santos" real-state company.

Álvarez de Medina was also the Honorary Senator of Europe, and he was invested Doctor Honoris Causa by the University "Miguel Hernández" of Elche in 1999, and the IE Segovia in 2005. In 2009, he was invested also with the same title by the University of Alcalá de Henares and "Rey Juan Carlos" in Madrid. Apart from these titles, Álvarez de Medina received several prizes and decorations throughout his life, such as the Carlos III Grand Cross, the Isabella I Grand Cross, the Leopoldo II Grand Cross in Belgium, the Order of Constitutional Merit of France Grand Cross, the Order of José Matías Delgado of El Salvador Grand Cross, the O'Higgins Order of Constitutional Merit in Chile, the Order of Constitutional Merit, the Order of Civil Merit Grand Collar, and the Humanism and Democracy to the Constitutional Values Defence Foundation award.

Cortes Constituyentes, 1977-1979

Date of the event: 1977-07-13 - 1979-01-02

 

Occupations

Activity:

Politicians

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Legislators

Profession (carried on by):

Diplomats

Places

Domicile:

El Salvador between 1986 and 1989

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Santander (Cantabria, España) in 1924

Lugar de Defunción:

Madrid (España) in 2016

Subjects

Gender:

Varón

He/She is a:

Monárquicos

Related Authorities

Asociación Española de Cooperación Europea  ( He/She is a member of )

Associative relations :

Borbón Battenberg, Juan de (1913-1993, infante de España)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Consejo de Estado (España)  ( He/She is a member of )

Consejo Federal Español del Movimiento Europeo  ( He/She is the owner/beneficiary/president of )

Cortes Generales. Congreso de los Diputados (España)  ( He/She is the owner/beneficiary/president of )

Universidad de Alcalá de Henares (Madrid, España)  ( He/She is awarded with )

External Links

Catálogo de Autoridades:

VIAF

Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España

Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de Francia

Documents

Producer of:

  • No Units of Description associated.