Person - Felipe III (1578-1621, rey de España)

Felipe III (1578-1621, rey de España)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Felipe III (1578-1621, rey de España)Other forms

Fechas de existencia:

Madrid (España)  1578-04-14 - Madrid (España)  1621-03-31

History:

Philip III was King of Spain, Portugal, Naples, Sicily and Sardinia. Son and successor of King Philip II of Spain and Anna of Austria (1549-1580). In 1599 he married Archduchess Margaret of Austria-Styria and they had eight children, but only five reached adulthood:

-Ana Maria Mauricia (1601-1666), queen consort of France because of her marriage to Louis XIII.

-Philip (1601-1665), future King Philip IV of Spain.

-Maria Anna (1606-1665), Empress of the Holy Roman Empire because of her marriage to Ferdinand III.

-Charles of Austria, infant of Spain (1607-1632).

-Ferdinand (1609-1641), Cardinal Archbishop of Toledo.

During his reign he relied on his favorite Francisco de Sandoval, Marquis of Denia and Duke of Lerma since 1599. The king's favorite was focused on maintaining international peace, expelling the Moors and on his personal enrichment. In the religious sphere, with Philip III the foundation of monasteries increased enormously and the Society of Jesus, treated with certain distrust by its father, was favored by the monarch while maintaining his influence in the court. Throughout the reign, institutional reforms were carried out in order to solve problems related to corruption and ineffectiveness, which afflicted the administration of the Monarchy: apart from the changes introduced in the traditional system of Councils, recourse to the Boards became more and more widespread, corps destined to diminish the power of those in favor of a more agile and coherent government, but which did not produce the desired result (Junta de Guerra de Indias, Junta de Desempeño, Junta de Hacienda de Portugal…). The financial problems, which had dragged on since the previous reign, made the king dependent on the Cortes, which he had to reunite more frequently than his predecessors in order to be granted the essential resources destined to maintain the external action of the Monarchy.

Reign:

King of Spain, Portugal, Naples, Sicily, and Sardinia: 1598-1621

Thirty Years' War, 1618-1648

Date of the event: 1618 - 1648

 
Event

Description:

 

Internal Structure-Genealogy:

Hijo de Felipe II, rey de España, y de Ana de Austria.

Places

Lugar de matrimonio:

València (España) in 1599-04-18

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Madrid (España) in 1578-04-14

Lugar de Defunción:

Madrid (España) in 1621-03-31

Subjects

Título Nobiliario:

Albayda, marqueses de

Título Nobiliario:

Aiello, duques de

sexo:

Varón

Título Nobiliario:

Albayda, marqueses de

Sources

DÍAZ-PLAJA, Fernando., Felipe III.- Madrid, Editorial Planeta, 1997.

MARTÍNEZ MILLÁN, José y VISCEGLIA, Maria Antonietta., "Introducción. La Monarquía de Felipe III" en La monarquía de Felipe III / coord. por José Martínez Millán , Vol. 1, 2008, p. 25-55.

BERNECKER, Walther; COLLADO SEIDEL, Carlos y HOSER, Paul (ed. dirigida). Los reyes de España: dieciocho retratos históricos desde los Reyes Católicos hasta la actualidad.- Madrid, Siglo XXI de España, 2005, p. 73-91.

FERRERA CUESTA, Carlos., Diccionario de historia de España.- Madrid, Alianza Editorial, 2005.

MARTÍNEZ MILLÁN, José., "La monarquía de Felipe III: corte y reinos" en La monarquía de Felipe III / coord. por José Martínez Millán , Vol. 3, 2008, p. 41-82.

Related Authorities

Aliaga, Luis de (1560-1626, OP)

Associative relations :

Convento de Nuestra Señora de la Victoria de Vera (Almería, España)  ( El convento es fundado por mandato real de Felipe III el 23 de agosto de 1605. )

Gómez de Sandoval Rojas, Francisco (1553-1625)  ( Tiene como Válido a )

Idiáquez Olazábal, Juan de (1540-1614)  ( Tiene como miembro a )

Real Monasterio de la Encarnación de Madrid (España)  ( Es fundador de )

Rey de España  ( Ocupa /Ejerce de )

Sarmiento de Acuña, Diego (1567-1626)  ( Tiene como miembro a )