San Miguel, Evaristo (1785-1862)
Person - San Miguel, Evaristo (1785-1862)

San Miguel, Evaristo (1785-1862)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

San Miguel, Evaristo (1785-1862)Other forms

Fechas de existencia:

Gijón (Asturias, España)  1785-10-26 - Madrid (España)  1862-05-29

History:

Spanish politician, soldier, secretary of the State Office, General Lieutenant and 1st Duke of San Miguel. In 1805, he joined the army as a cadet, and fought in the Peninsular War (1808-1814) against the French troops. A member of Freemasonry, known by the name of Patria, he was very active in the plans prior to the Revolution of 1820. He was arrested in the Palmar conspiracy and imprisoned in Cádiz.

He was known for his collaborations with some magazines such as La Gaceta Patriótica del Ejército Nacional, his proclamations directed to the population, and also for the many journalistic projects he took part, such as El Espectador, El Mensajero de las Cortes (1834) and Guía del miliciano nacional (1856).

He was the secretary of the State Office until 1823, when he resigned to fight against the Hundred Thousand Sons of Saint Louis. He had to flee to England, where he collaborated in the magazine Ocio de los españoles emigrantes and published Elementos del Arte de la Guerra. He returned to Spain under the Queen's amnesty, and rejoined the Army participating in the Battle of Mendigorría (1835), in the First Carlist War.

San Miguel was appointed Captain of the Ejército del Centro (Central Army) and Minister of War, Navy and Overseas in the Espartero cabinet.

He was named Grandee with the denomination of Duke of San Miguel, and decorated with the crosses of San Hermenegildo, San Fernando and Charles III. He was a member of the Royal Economic Society of Friends of the Country and a member of the Royal Academy of History.

Liberal Triennium, 1820-1823

Date of the event: 1820 - 1823

 

Places

Prisionero en:

Francia

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Gijón (Asturias, España) in 1785-10-26

Lugar de Defunción:

Madrid (España) in 1862-05-29

Related Authorities

Académico de la Real Academia de la Historia

Associative relations :

Calatrava Peinado, José María (1781-1846)  ( Tiene como miembro a )

Egea Gallar, Mariano (1777-1841)  ( Tiene como miembro a )

Espartero, Baldomero (1793-1879)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Espoz y Mina, Francisco (1781-1836)

Fernández de Gascó, Francisco (1768-1826)  ( Colabora con )

Isabel II (1830-1904, reina de España)  ( Es colega/ amigo de )

Navarro Aliguer, Felipe Benicio (1774-1832)  ( Tiene como miembro a )

Orden de Carlos III  ( Es miembro de )

Real Academia de la Historia (España)  ( Es miembro de )

Real Sociedad Económica Matritense de Amigos del País (España)  ( Es miembro de )

Sardí, María del Carmen (ca.1794-?)  ( Colabora con; Intercedió por María del Carmen Sardi para que recibiera auxilio económico en su exilio )

Family relationships :

Fernández San Miguel, Juan Nepomuceno (1772-1850)  - Collateral (Es hermano/a de)

External Links

Biografía virtual:

Diccionario biográfico de la RAH

Catálogo de Autoridades:

VIAF

Documents

Producer of:

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