Spanish Archives - Ministry of Culture and Sports - Spanish Government

Corporate Body - Delegación Nacional de los Servicios Documentales (España)

Delegación Nacional de los Servicios Documentales (España)

Identification

Type:

Corporate Body

Preferred form:

Delegación Nacional de los Servicios Documentales (España)Other forms

Fechas de Existencia:

from 1944 to 1967

History:

The earliest antecedent of the National Delegation for Documentary Services (hereinafter referred to as DNSD) is the Department of Anti-Communist Information and Propaganda (hereinafter referred to as OIPA), established by Order of the General Secretariat of the Head of State issued in Salamanca on 20 April 1937. It was directly reliant upon the General Secretariat and its aim, on the basis of the foregoing Order, was the collection of documents related to Marxist propaganda and activities (also, the propaganda pertaining to Masonic societies and other like-minded societies), and their subsequent dispatch to the Head Office of Salamanca, housed in the Centre for Anti-communist Investigation and Propaganda. It was chaired by Laureano Armas Gourié, Head of State of the OIPA. The OIPA would later become a subordinate unit within the Service for Documentation Recovery. Another precedent of the DNSD was the National Delegation for Special Services, established under the provision of 29 May 1937. It was reliant upon Generalissimo's Particular Secretariat and led by Marcelino Ulibarri Eguilaz. Its functions were confined to the collection of documentation from secret societies, such as Freemasonry and other correlative or like-minded societies. The Service for Documentation Recovery was set up in July 1937 as an entity dependent on the Generalissimo¿s Headquarters; this service was led by Marcelino Ulibarri Eguilaz, too. The service was set up as a Government body for the recovery, organization, storage and study of the enemy¿s documents and propaganda materials, as a single Government body responsible for holding documents related to Marxist activities and for supplying information to other State bodies, such as the War Auditorium and the OIPA. The Service for Documentation Recovery forwarded the captured documentation related to the activities of secret societies to the National Delegation for Special Services. The State Delegation for Documentation Recovery (hereinafter referred to as DERD) was established by Decree issued by the Ministry of the Interior on 26 April 1938. It was reliant upon the ministry and its former president was also Marcelino Ulibarri Eguilaz. The DERD encompassed a Social-Political Department, precedent of the subsequent department within the DNSD. Moreover, the DERD also encompassed a Special Department or a Department for Special Services, which was basically the National Delegation for Special Services, dependent on Generalissimo¿s Particular Secretariat. On the other hand, while the DERD was operative (1938-1944) and prior to the establishment of the DNSD, the institutional situation was rather unclear, with two bodies entrusted the recovery of documents with different organizational units, yet under the direction of the same person, Marcelino Ulibarri Eguilaz. This situation ended upon the issuance of a Decree by the Head of the State on 30 September 1944, which laid down the abolition of the State Delegation for Documentation Recovery and the National Delegation for Special Services, replaced with the National Delegation for Documentary Services under the Head of Government as a General-Directorate. Ever since its establishment, the National Delegation for Documentary Services, structured in a Special Department and a Political-Social Department, took on the responsibilities of the former institutions. It was entrusted the collection of documents seized from the republican army, the political and trade union organizations of the People's Front, as well as from the masonic lodges and other correlative or like-minded societies, the classification of this documentation and the elaboration of rates, files and other information tools on the political and social background of numerous individuals in order to spot the potential enemies of the new regime and supply such information to the State and Administration bodies, which conducted the suppression and political cleansing during post-war, chiefly the Court for the Repression of Freemasonry and Communism, the courts with political responsibilities and the military courts which heard the war councils. The colonel Francisco Javier Planas de Tovas was appointed Director-General National Delegate of Documentary Services of the Head of Government, a position he held until his death in 1964, when he was replaced by the admiral Jesús Fontán Lobé. The presidential decree of 21 February 1958 established the incorporation of the Political-Social Department of the DNSD within the homonym department of the Directorate-General for Security and the handover of its archive was set off. In 1968, the DNSD lost its status of Directorate-General and was renamed as the Presidential Department for Documentary Services. The Department for documentary Services was eventually abolished by Royal Decree 2761/1977 of 28 October, which established in the first clause of its final provision the reorganization of the Head of Government, as well as the secondment of its funds to the Ministry of Culture.

Mandates/Legal Sources

Description:

Decreto reservado del Jefe del Estado de 30 de septiembre de 1944 por el que se crea la Delegación Nacional de Servicios Documentales.

Decreto de Presidencia del Gobierno de 21 de febrero de 1958 por el que se dispone que la Sección Político Social de la Delegación Nacional de Servicios Documentales quede integrada en la Dirección General de Seguridad (BOE número 49, de 26 de febrero de 1958).

Real Decreto 2761/1977, de 28 de octubre, por el que se reorganiza la Presidencia de Gobierno (BOE número 267, de 8 de noviembre de 1977).

Related Authorities

Archivo Histórico Nacional. Sección Guerra Civil (Salamanca, España)  ( Orden de 7 de mayo de 1979 por laque se dispone se adscriba al Archivo Histórico NAcional los fonsod documentales de la extiguida Sección de Servicios Documentales, formando en el mismo una división independiente. (BOE núm. 148, 21 de junio de 1979) )

Associative relations :

Fernández Álvarez, Francisco de Asís  ( Tiene como empleado a_en )

Fernández Álvarez, Manuel (1921-2010)  ( Tiene como empleado a_en )

Ministerio de Cultura (España)  ( Related by administrative processing; El RD 2761/1977, de 28 de octubre, por el que se reorganiza la presidencia de Gobierno determinaba en la disposición final primera que los fondos de documentación de la Sección de Servicios Documentales se adscribiesen al Ministerio de Cultura. )

Opacio Reglero, Ignacio (1920-?)  ( Tiene como empleado a_en )

Ruiz de Ulibarri, Pedro (1920-?)  ( Tiene como empleado a_en )

Tribunal Especial para la Represión de la Masonería y el Comunismo (España)  ( Related by administrative processing )

Velón González-Pardo, Pedro (1896-1987)  ( Tiene como empleado a_en )

Temporary relationships :

Delegación del Estado para la Recuperación de Documentos (España)  - Later (He/She is inmediate successor of/ He/She substitutes)

Delegación Nacional de Servicios Especiales (España)  - Later (He/She is inmediate successor of/ He/She substitutes)

See predecessors See successors

Temporary relationships :

Presidencia del Gobierno. Sección de Servicios Documentales (España)  - Earlier (He/She is inmediate predecessor of/ He/She is substituted by; Decreto 2764/1967: Supresión de la Delegación Nacional de los Servicios Documentales e integración de su servicio en Presidencia del Gobierno (artículo 1.1d).)

See predecessors See successors

Documents

Producer of:

  • Centro Documental de la Memoria Histórica  (2500981)

Related documents:

  • Centro Documental de la Memoria Histórica  (66)