Corporate Body - Tribunal Especial para la Represión de la Masonería y el Comunismo (España)

Tribunal Especial para la Represión de la Masonería y el Comunismo (España)

Identification

Type:

Corporate Body

Preferred form:

Tribunal Especial para la Represión de la Masonería y el Comunismo (España)Other forms

Fechas de Existencia:

from 1940-03-01 to 1963-12-02

History:

The Article 12 of the Law of Repression of Freemasonry and Communism, issued on 1 March 1940 (Spanish Official Gazette Nº 62, dated 2 March), provides its creation and structure: a President, an Army General, a Hierarch of the Phalanx and two attorneys, all members being appointed by the Head of the State. The first president, Marcelino de Ulibarri (Decree of 4 June 1940), contributed to building a close connection between the court and the State Delegation for Documentary Recovery, the body that would provide information for the prosecution of individuals. This liaison materialized with the creation of a provisional court office in Salamanca, which belonged to the Special Department, yet functioned in full independence from the latter. The archive of personal records created there became, at a later stage, reliant upon the leader of the National Delegation for Documentary Recovery, who continuously dispatched reports in order to initiate the corresponding proceedings. It is a special jurisdiction, placed under the authority of the Presidency of the Government, which tried offences in compliance with the law (Freemasonry and communism). By decree of 31 March 1941, Marcelino de Ulibarri ceases the functions of president to hold the post of speaker, and Andrés Saliquet Zumeta takes over the presidency. The effective functioning of the court began in 1941 and the two courtrooms mainly handled cases involving Freemasonry. The constitution of a third courtroom, which dealt with communism-related cases, did not take place until 1942. The court was abolished in 1963 in favor of a Liquidation Commission that had remained operative until 1971.

Context:

This authority's documentary fond was held in the Court's Headquarters in Madrid. Upon the abolishment of its Board of Trustees, the Archive of the Special Court for the Repression of Freemasonry and Communism was dispatched to the Presidential Documentary Services (Decree 126/1971, Spanish Official Gazette of 1 de February, Article Nº 3). The archive was relocated to Salamanca on 16 March 1971, where it remained until the Services disappeared in 1997. They became part of the General Archive of the Spanish Civil War (present-day Documentary Center of Historical Memory) in 1979.

Mandates/Legal Sources

Description:

Ley de Represión de la Masonería y el Comunismo de 1 de marzo de 1940, publicada en el BOE el 2 de marzo de 1940

Ley 154/1963, de 2 de diciembre, sobre creación del Juzgado y Tribunales de orden público, suprimiendo el Tribunal Especial para la Represión de la Masonería y el Comunismo, publicado en el BOE el 5 de diciembre de 1963

Decreto 248/1964, de 8 de febrero, por el que se dan normas para la liquidación del Tribunal creado por Ley de 1 de marzo de 1940 y se establece una Comisión para el cumplimiento de la disposición transitoria tercera de la Ley 154/1963, publicado en el BOE el 11 de febrero de 1964

Sources

GONZALEZ QUINTANA, Antonio: "Fuentes para el estudio de la represión franquista en el Archivo Histórico Nacional, Sección "Guerra Civil". Jornadas sobre "Historia y Contemporaneidad Españolas". Alcalá de Henares, enero de 1992. Espacio, tiempo y forma. Revista de la Facultad de Geografía e Historia. Serie V, H? Contemporánea, t. 7, 1994, pp. 479-508.

PARES: Código Referencia:ES.37274.CDMH/2.1.4//

JARAMILLO GUERREIRA, Miguel Ángel: "Documentación masónica para la represión de la masonería". VI Symposium Internacional de Historia de la Masonería, Zaragoza, 1993. Zaragoza: Gobierno de Aragón. Consejería de Educación y Cultura, 1995, vol. II, pp. 815-838.

External Links

Obras publicadas:

VIAF

Documents

Producer of:

  • Centro Documental de la Memoria Histórica  (111657)