Spanish Archives - Ministry of Culture and Sports - Spanish Government

Person - Mantecón, José Ignacio (1902-1982)

Mantecón, José Ignacio (1902-1982)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Mantecón, José Ignacio (1902-1982)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Zaragoza (España)  1902-09-26 - 1982

History:

José Ignacio Mantecón Navasal was a Spanish archivist, politician, and historian. He was son of Miguel Mantecón Arroyo and Concepción Navasal Iturralde, and married Concepción de la Torre. They had a daughter, Matilde Mantecón de la Torre. In his stage as a high school student in Zaragoza, he met Luis Buñuel and they became great friends. He studied Law and Philosophy at the University of Zaragoza and got his PhD from the Central University of Madrid. He joined the Archives and Library Corps and was sent to the General Archive of the Indies and to the Archive of the Treasury Office in Seville. During his Sevillian stage he was president of Betis football club, between 1931 and 1933. This team reached the first football division La Liga under his mandate.

He was a member of Partido Comunista (PCE; Communist Party), Acción Republicana (Republican Action), and Frente Popular (Popular Front), and he supported the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (CNT; National Confederation of Labor). He served in the Spanish Civil War on the Republican side and he was sent to different fronts, such as the one in Guadalajara. Between August 1937 and March 1938 he was Governor‑General of Aragon. After the collapse of the Aragonese front he held the position of Commissioner General of the Ejército del Este and, in the last days of the war, the position of administrative officer at the Ejército de Levante.

After the war he was exiled in France. First, Juan Negrín was appointed Secretary‑General of the SERE, based in Paris. From that time dates his friendship with the poet Pablo Neruda, at the time Chilean consul. Between March and June 1940, he was confined in the Argelès‑sur‑Mer concentration camp. He embarked from Bordeaux aboard the ship "Cuba", which set sail towards for the port of Veracruz in 1940, thus initiating his Mexican exile. Finally, and after 5 years, his wife and daughters met him in Mexico in 1941.

During his exile in Mexico, he was granted a scholarship from the "Colegio de México" and joined the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). He collaborated in the creation of the "Escuela Nacional de Bibliotecarios y Archivistas", was Editor-in-chief of the "Patria" publishing house, wrote articles for "España Popular" magazine, and was manager of Luis Vives High School and "Unión Nacional Mexicana de Construcciones" (UNAMEXCO). He was friend of Federico Gamboa, Narciso Bassols, José Puche, Francisco Gamoneda, Wenceslao Roces, Juan Rejano, Constancia de la Mora, Eduardo Ugarte, Agustín Millares, and José María Rancaño. He is the author of numerous archival works. He can be considered as one of the pillars of library and archival sciences in Mexico and Latin America. He died in the Mexican capital when he was 80 years old.

Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Date of the event: 1936 - 1939

 
República Española, 1931-1939

Description: Gobernador de Aragón (1937)

Date of the event: 1937

Location associated with the date: Aragón (España)

 
Cuba (barco de vapor)

Location associated with the date: Puerto de Veracruz (México)

 

Occupations

Profession (carried on by):

Archiveros in  Spain in 1924 Obs.:  Miembro del Cuerpo de Archivos y Bibliotecas del Estado. Destinado Archivo de Indias y Archivo Histórico de Hacienda.

Activity:

Gobernadores in  Aragón (España) in 1937 Obs.:  Gobernador de Aragón. Gobierno II República.

Places

Domicile:

México (estado, México) in 1940 Obs.:  Exilio. 2ª etapa.

Domicile:

París (Isla de Francia, Francia)  Obs.:  Secretario del Servición de Refugiados Españoles (SERE).

Place of arrival:

Praga (Bohemia Central, República Checa) in 1960 Obs.:  Asiste a un congreso del Partido Comunista.

Domicile:

Sevilla (España) in 1924 Obs.:  Trabaja como archivero en el Archivo de Indias.

Place of arrival:

Cuba in 1940 Obs.:  Exilio. 2ª etapa. Escala. Destino México.

Domicile:

Coatzacoalcos (Veracruz, México) in 1940 Obs.:  Exilio. 2ª etapa. Enviado por José Puche.

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Zaragoza (España) in 1902-09-26

Lugar de Defunci¾n:

Ciudad de México (México) in 1982

Subjects

Gender:

Varón

Sources

. Pla Brugat, Dolores. Catálogo del fondo de historia oral : refugiados españoles en México : Archivo de la Palabra. 1ª ed.. Dolores Pla Brugat (coordinadora). México D.F.: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia. 2011. 1 CD-ROM. 978-607-484-184-8.

Mantecón Navasal, José Ignacio. Alonso, Marisol. Proyecto de Historia Oral "Refugiados Españoles en México", Archivo de la Palabra, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH), México : entrevista al señor José Ignacio Mantecón Navasal. realizada por Marisol Alonso [para el Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia de México En Colaboración Con el Ministerio de Cultura de España]. [s.L.: S.N.]: 1978]. 154 h..

Related Authorities

Acción Republicana (España)  ( He/She is a member of )

Associative relations :

Archivo General de Indias (Sevilla, España)  ( He/She works for; Archivero del Estado. )

Buñuel, Luis (1900-1983)  ( He/She is friend with )

Colegio de México  ( He/She works for; Becado por le Colegio de México. Trabaja. )

Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (España)  ( He/She is a member of; Simpatizante. )

Cuerpo Facultativo de Archiveros, Bibliotecarios y Arqueólogos (España)  ( He/She is a member of )

Ejército Popular de la República (España)  ( He/She is a member of; Miliciano. Nombrado comisario de batallón y comisario de brigada. Participa en los frentes de Guadalajara, Teruel y Levante. )

Frente Popular (España)  ( He/She is a member of )

Gamoneda, Francisco (1873-1953)  ( He/She is friend with )

Millares Carlo, Agustín (1893-1980)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Neruda, Pablo (1904-1973)  ( He/She is friend with )

Puche Álvarez, José (1895-1979)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Roces, Wenceslao (1897-1992)  ( He/She is friend with; Amigo durante el exilio en México. )

Servicio de Evacuación de Refugiados Españoles  ( He/She is a member of; Secretario durante su estancia en París. Recibe ayuda para desplazarse en barco desde Francia hasta México en el último viaje que organiza el SERE. )

Universidad Central (Madrid, España)  ( He/She is a member of; Estudiante de Doctorado. Filosofía y Letras. )

Universidad de Zaragoza (España)  ( He/She is a member of; Estudiante de Filosofía y Letras. )

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México  ( He/She works for; Contratado. )

Family relationships :

Mantecón Navasal, Miguel  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Mantecón Arroyo, Miguel (1866-1949)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

Mantecón de la Torre, Matilde (1930-1996)  - Progenitor (He is the father of)

See ancestors See successors

External Links

Víctimas de la Guerra Civil Española:

Portal de Víctimas de la Guerra Civil Española

Represaliados: Expediente de Responsabilidades Políticas:

Portal de Víctimas de la Guerra Civil y Represaliados del Franquismo - Micrositio de PARES

Catálogo de Autoridades:

VIAF

Catálogo de Autoridades:

VIAF

Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de Espa±a

Documents

Producer of:

  • No Description Units associated.

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  • Centro Documental de la Memoria Histórica  (29)