Fernando el Católico
Person - Fernando II (1452-1516, rey de Aragón)

Fernando II (1452-1516, rey de Aragón)




Preferred form:

Fernando II (1452-1516, rey de Aragón)Alternative forms (other languages) Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Sos del Rey Católico (Zaragoza, España)  1452-05-10 - 1516-01-23


He was born on 10 May 1452 in Sos (Saragossa), as first-born son of the Aragonese King John II of Aragon and Navarre and his second wife, the Castilian Juana Enríquez, daughter of Don Fadrique Enríquez de Mendoza, admiral of Castile. The Cortes de Calatayud swore an oath, appointing him heir to the crown of Aragon in 1461, after the death of his stepbrother Charles, Prince of Viana. It is known his relationship with Aldonza Roig before his marriage, with whom he had two children: Alfonso -who years later would be named Archbishop of Zaragoza and Viceroy of Aragon- and Juana -future wife of Don Bernardino Fernández de Velasco, Constable of Castile-.

In 1468 Juana Enríquez died and Prince Fernando was appointed coregent of the Aragonese Kingdom and king of Sicily, possibly to endow the young man with a kingdom with which to strengthen his next marriage with Isabella de Castile, Princess of Asturias at that time. On January 7 a protocol was signed between the future spouses, whereby Ferdinand undertook to act in close collaboration with Isabella and take decisions together. The marriage did not satisfy Henry IV, so it took place incognito. Ferdinand travelled to Castile in October of that same year and on 19th the marriage was celebrated, officiated by Archbishop Carrillo. Carrillo provided the couple with a necessary false papal dispensation, because of the fact that they have John I of Castile as a common ancestor. This situation was regularized by Pope Sixtus IV in 1471. In 1479, he ascended to the Aragonese Throne when his father King John II died. On 26 November 1504 Isabella died in Medina del Campo, leaving her daughter Juana as heiress of Castile. Ferdinand took over Castile as regent until the arrival of the new king and queen, who were in Flanders. There began a struggle between Philip and Ferdinand to seize effective power in Castile. In 1505, in an attempt to improve his relationship with the French monarch, Ferdinand married his niece, Germaine of Foix. The marriage was celebrated in Valladolid on March 18, 1506 and a few months later Ferdinand left Castile and travel to his possessions in Aragon. However, Philip's death on September 25, 1506 caused that Ferdinand were back to Castile. Cisneros decided to appoint Ferdinand regent and the second regency started (1507-1516). The energy characterizes this second period, imposing strong punishments to the rebellious nobility. The invasion of Navarre in 1512 was the most outstanding episode. The invasion of the neighboring kingdom was part of the struggle against France, since the small state was a faithful French ally. Before Ferdinand died he wrote two testaments; on May 1, 1512 he left Infante Ferdinand as regent awaiting the arrival of Charles I, who would take charge of the kingdom in the name of his mother, Juana. However, this testament was modified in January 1516 when Cardinal Cisneros was appointed regent of Castile. In a delicate state of health, Ferdinand undertook a trip to Andalusia in order to organize a great army against the Turks. Nevertheless, before he arrived at the royal retinue in Madrigalejo (Cáceres, Spain) the king died.

Guerra de Granada, 1482-1492

Date of the event: 1482 - 1492

Guerra de sucesión castellana, 1475-1479

Date of the event: 1475 - 1479

Expulsión de los judíos, 1492

Date of the event: 1492

Discovery of America, 1492

Date of the event: 1492

Conquista de Navarra, 1512

Date of the event: 1512


Internal Structure-Genealogy:

Casado con Isabel de Castilla en primeras nupcias. Padres de: Catalina de Aragón, Juana de Castilla y María de portugal. Abuelos de Carlos I de España.

Hijo de Juan II de Aragón y de Juana Enríquez, Reyes de Aragón y Navarra.

Casado con Germana de Foix en segundas nupcias.

Véase árbol genealógico en recursos asociados.


Importante personalidad para la historia de la creación de España como Estado moderno y evolución de las monarquías medievales. Su figura fue además ejemplo del político de la época, hombre del renacimiento, y modelo entre otros para la obra "El Príncipe" de Maquiavelo.






Sarasa, Esteban (ed): Fernando II de Aragón, el rey Católico. Zaragoza, IFC. 1996.

Fernando el Católico y su época. Zaragoza IFC, 1972.

Zurita, Jerónimo: Historia del Rey don Fernando el Católico, de las empresas y ligas de Italia. Zaragoza, IFC, 2005. Red. De la obra impresa en 1580. PDF.

Related Authorities

Temporary relationships :

Alejandro VI (1431-1503, papa)  - Contemporary (He/She is contemporary with; Papa que concede el título de "Reyes Católicos" a Fernando II de Argón e Isabel de Castilla, por bula de 1496.)

Fernández de Córdoba, Gonzalo (1452-1515)  - Contemporary (He/She is contemporary with)

Francisco I (1494-1547, rey de Francia)  - Contemporary (He/She is contemporary with; Uno de sus principales rivales políticos.)

Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros (1436-1517, OFM)  - Contemporary (He/She is contemporary with; Presidente del consejo de Regencia del Reino de Castilla tras la muerte de Felipe el Hermoso.)

Villalba González, Cristóbal de (1475-1516)  - Contemporary (He/She is contemporary with)

Family relationships :

Foix, Germana de (1489-1536, reina consorte de Aragón)  - Marriage (He/She is married to; Segunda mujer Germana de Foix, sobrina de Luis XII de Francia, casado el 19 de octubre de 1505 en Dueñas (II Tratado de Blois))

Isabel I (1451-1504, reina de Castilla)  - Marriage (He/She is married to; Contrae matrimonio con la por entonces princesa heredera de Castilla en octubre de 1469 en Valladolid.)

Carlos de Viana (1421-1461, príncipe de Viana)  - Collateral (He/She is the brother/sister of)

Enríquez de Velasco, Fernando (1466-1545)  - Collateral (He/She is the cousin of)

Enríquez de Velasco, Fadrique (1460-1538)  - Collateral (He/She is the cousin of)

Enríquez Fernández de Velasco, Teresa  - Collateral (He/She is the cousin of)

Enríquez, Teresa (ca.1450-1529)  - Collateral (He/She is the cousin of)

Enríquez, Juana (1425-1468, reina consorte de Aragón)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

Juan II (1397-1479, rey de Aragón)  - Descendant (He/She is the son/daughter of)

Aragón, Alonso de (1470-1520)  - Progenitor (He is the father of; Hijo bastardo)

Aragón, Ana de (1502-1549)  - Progenitor (He/She is the grandfather/grandmother of)

Aragón, Catalina de (1485-1536, reina consorte de Inglaterra)  - Progenitor (He is the father of; Reina de Inglaterra por su matrimonio con Arturo de Gales, y luego con Enrique VIII. Madre de Maria Tudor.)

Aragón, Hernando de (1498-1575)  - Progenitor (He/She is the grandfather/grandmother of)

Aragón, Isabel de (1470-1498, reina consorte de Portugal)  - Progenitor (He is the father of)

Aragón, Juan de (ca.1492-1530)  - Progenitor (He/She is the grandfather/grandmother of)

Aragón, Juan de (1478-1497, príncipe de Asturias)  - Progenitor (He is the father of)

Aragón, María de (1482-1517, reina consorte de Portugal)  - Progenitor (He is the father of)

Aragón Ruiz de Ivorra, Juana de (1471-ca.1522)  - Progenitor (He is the father of; Hija bastarda, casada con el Condestable de Castilla, Bernardino Fernández de Velasco.)

Juana I (1479-1555, reina de Castilla y Aragón)  - Progenitor (He is the father of)

See ancestors See successors

Conchillos, Lope de (?-1521)  ( It has as a member )

Associative relations :

Embajada de España en Santa Sede (Roma, Italia)  ( He/She is the founder of )

Hontañón, Pedro de (ca.1445-1524)  ( It has as a member )

Luis XII (1462-1515, rey de Francia)  ( He/She is the enemy of-He/She is facing- It is the minority )

Mercado, Rodrigo de (ca. 1460-1548)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Pérez de Almazán, Miguel (?-1514)  ( It has as a member )

Rey de Aragón  ( Ocupa /Ejerce de_en )

Rey de Navarra  ( Ocupa /Ejerce de_en )

Salmerón, Diego de (XV-1519)  ( He/She/It collaborated with )

Torquemada, Tomás de (1420-1498)

External Links

Registro de autoridad:


Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de Espa¿a