Person - Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros (1436-1517, OFM)

Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros (1436-1517, OFM)

Identification

Type:

Person

Preferred form:

Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros (1436-1517, OFM)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Torrelaguna (Madrid, España)  1436 - Roa (Burgos, España)  1517-11-08

History:

Born in Torrelaguna (Madrid), from a noble family. Fernando took some courses about Theology and Law at the Universities of Salamanca and Rome. He began his priestly career as the Archpriest of Uceda and as the Vicar General and Provisor of the Diocese of Sigüenza, and later on, as the guardian and Superior of the Convent of La Salceda, after joining the Franciscans in 1484. He was the provincial superior of the Franciscan Convent of San Juan de los Reyes (Toledo), where he changed his birth name, Gonzalo, to Francisco. Isabella I named Fernando her confessor and her main adviser. In 1495, Isabella proposed and sent him to the see of Toledo as the first Archbishop, from where he tried to correct the deviant conduct of the secular clergy. In 1499, he went with the Catholic Monarchs to Granada. He was in charge of the forced conversions and the massive baptisms. Therefore, in 1502 the expulsion of the Muslim population who were not converted was ordered. Fernando financed and directed personally the expeditions to the Berber area, achieving the occupation of Oran (1509), Béjaïa and Tripoli. Moreover, he militarily stand out for his attempts to create an active militia called "gente de ordenanza", and for the reorganization of the German lansquenetes. Fernando also developed a humanitarian patronage work, which culminated in the foundation of the University of Alcalá in 1508, and in the printing of the well-known Complutensian Polyglot Bible (1517). He received the Cardinal's Galero in 1507 at the request of Ferdinad the Catholic, who also named him General Inquisitor the same year. Fernando was the executor of Isabella I and member of the provisional Regency established when Philip the Handsome died in 1506 (the members of the nobility named him the General Governor of the kingdom). Fernando was the person responsible for the return of Ferdinand the Catholic as the King of Castile in 1507, who named him in his will and as the Governor of Castile, Leon, Granada and Navarra until the arrival of his niece Charles V, who would be the King Charles I later on. He had to put down several attempted uprisings from the Castilian nobility and from the Flemish party, against the future emperor. Finally, Fernando died in Roa (Burgos).

Occupations

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Franciscans

Related Authorities

Alcalá, Alonso de (1465-ca. 1540)  ( He/She/It collaborated with; Colabora en la confección de la Biblia Políglota )

Associative relations :

Arzobispo de Toledo  ( Ocupa /Ejerce de_en )

Brocar, Arnao Guillén de (ca.1460-1523)  ( He/She/It collaborated with; Colabora en la impresión de la Biblia Políglota )

Carlos I (1500-1558, rey de España)  ( Es regente de; Presidente del consejo de Regencia del Reino de Castilla tras la muerte de Felipe el Hermoso )

Colegio de San Pedro y San Pablo (Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, España)  ( He/She is the founder of )

Colegio Mayor de San Ildefonso de Alcalá de Henares (Madrid, España)  ( Es fundador de )

Convento de Santa Clara de Alcalá de Henares (Madrid, España)  ( He/She is the founder of; Aunque el convento de Santa Clara surgió a partir de un beaterio fundado en 1481 que, posteriormente (1487), fue convertido en cenobio de franciscanas terciarias gracias a la intercesión de D. Fernando Díaz de la Fuente, la institución no se fundó como convento de clarisas propiamente dicho hasta 1516 por mediación de D. Francisco Jiménez Cisneros. )

Coronel, Pablo (1480-1534)  ( He/She/It collaborated with; Colabora en la Confección de la Biblia Políglota )

Ducas, Demetrio (ca. 1480-ca. 1527)  ( He/She/It collaborated with; Colabora en la Confección de la Biblia Políglota )

García de Paredes, Diego (1466-1534)  ( He/She is friend with )

Isabel I (1451-1504, reina de Castilla)  ( Es confesor de )

Juana I (1479-1555, reina de Castilla y Aragón)  ( Es regente de; Presidente del consejo de Regencia del Reino de Castilla tras la muerte de Felipe el Hermoso )

López de Zúñiga, Diego (?-1531)  ( He/She/It collaborated with; Colabora en la Confección de la Biblia Políglota )

Nebrija, Antonio de (1444-1522)  ( He/She is friend with )

Núñez de Guzmán, Hernán (ca.1478-1553)  ( He/She/It collaborated with; Colabora en la Confección de la Biblia Políglota )

Universidad de Alcalá (1499-1836, Madrid, España)  ( Es fundador de )

Zamora, Alfonso de (ca. 1476-ca. 1545)  ( He/She/It collaborated with; Colabora en la Confección de la Biblia Políglota )

Temporary relationships :

Alejandro VI (1431-1503, papa)  - Contemporary (He/She is contemporary with)

Ferdinand II of Aragon  - Contemporary (He/She is contemporary with; Presidente del consejo de Regencia del Reino de Castilla tras la muerte de Felipe el Hermoso.)

Villalba González, Cristóbal de (1475-1516)  - Contemporary (He/She is contemporary with)

Family relationships :

Jiménez de Cisneros, Juana (?-1535)  - Collateral (He/She is the uncle/aunt of)

External Links

Registro de autoridad:

LCNAF

Catálogo de Autoridades:

LIBRIS

Catálogo de Autoridades:

VIAF

Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España