Salvador Dalí
Person - Dalí, Salvador (1904-1989)

Dalí, Salvador (1904-1989)




Preferred form:

Dalí, Salvador (1904-1989)Other forms

Dates of existence/Biographical dates:

Figueres (Girona, España)  1904-05-11 - Figueres (Girona, España)  1989-01-23


Spanish painter, sculptor and great artist. He was also writer and filmmaker. Son of Salvador Dalí Cusí, notary, and Felipa Domènech Ferrés. He had a younger sister, Ana María.

Very young and already talented painter, he was related since his Parisian beginnings to surrealism, becoming one of its most important figures. He cultivated various artistic facets that go from sculpture to photography, including cinema and poetry.

He studied in Madrid at the Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando. In his stay in Madrid he lived at the Students Housing where he befriended Federico García Lorca, Luis Buñuel and Pepín Bello. He visited Paris several times getting in touch with Picasso and the French surrealist painters.

In 1929 he met his muse and future wife, Gala, whose real name was Helena Ivanovna Diakonova, and he would never be away from her again

After the Spanish Civil War the couple went into exile to the United States for eight years, going back to Spain in 1948.

Among his most relevant creations are: "El Gran Masturbador" (1929), "La persistencia de la memoria" (1931), "Construcción blanda con judías hervidas" (1936) and considered a premonition of the Civil War, "Sueño causado por el vuelo de una abeja alrededor de una granada un segundo antes de despertar" (1944), "Los elefantes" (1948), "La Última Cena" (1955) and "Rinoceronte vestido con puntillas" (1956).

The king Juan Carlos I named him marquis of Dalí de Púbol in 1982. He passed away in Figures at the age of 84.


Painters in  Figueres (Girona, España) between 1916 and 1989

Authors between 1920 and 1989



Madrid (España)

Lugar de Nacimiento:

Figueres (Girona, España) in 1904-05-11

Lugar de Defunción:

Figueres (Girona, España) in 1989-01-23


Title of Nobility:

Dalí de Pubol, marqueses de

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:




Related Authorities

Bello, Pepín (1904-2008)

Associative relations :

Brassaï (1899-1984)

Buñuel, Luis (1900-1983)  ( He/She is friend with )

Cano, José Luis (1911-1999)

García Lorca, Federico (1898-1936)  ( He/She is friend with )

Gómez de la Serna, Ramón (1888-1963)

Guillén, Jorge (1893-1984)  ( Se conocen en la Residencia de Estudiantes. )

Marquina, Luis (1904-1980)

Méndez, Concha (1898-1986)

Picasso, Pablo (1881-1973)  ( He/She is friend with; Parece ser que sí hubo una cierta amistad entre los dos pintores -a pesar de su posterior distanciamiento-, que se despertó tras el encuentro en el estudio de Picasso en París. También debió existir un interés entre los dos artistas que influyó en sus obras, fundamentalmente de Dalí hacia el malagueño. )

Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando (Madrid, España)  ( He/She is a client of )

Residencia de Estudiantes (Madrid, España)  ( He/She is a member of; Residente )

Zurbarán, Francisco de (1598-1664)  ( He/She is the tutor/teacher/boss of )

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