Corporate Body - Orden de Santiago (España)

Orden de Santiago (España)

Identification

Type:

Corporate Body

Preferred form:

Orden de Santiago (España)Other forms

Fechas de Existencia:

from 1170 to XX

History:

La Orden de Santiago se inicia como una cofradía de caballeros creada en 1170 por Fernando II de León en Cáceres para asegurar la defensa de la ciudad contra los almohades y participar en las campañas del monarca por Extremadura. Estos freiles de Cáceres, cuyo jefe se llamaba Pedro Fernández, llegaron a un acuerdo en 1171 con el arzobispo de Santiago, por el que el maestre se convertía en canónigo de esa iglesia y los freiles en vasallos del apóstol Santiago, mientras que el arzobispo se convertiría en freile honorario. La aprobación papal de la regla santiaguista se produjo en 1175. La orden pronto amplió sus objetivos al alcanzar acuerdos con los monarcas de Castilla y Portugal que les cedieron posesiones y castillos en las zonas fronterizas, conviertiéndose rápidamente en la primera orden que se extendió fuera de la Península. Su participación en el proceso reconquistador fue muy activa. Durante la época moderna la Orden cesó totalmente su actividad bélica, pero constituyó un soporte financiero fundamental para la monarquía. A pesar de la progresiva pérdida de poder político y económico, la orden siguió siendo un refugio para la nobleza. Con el advenimiento de los regímenes republicanos la orden fue disuelta.

Related Authorities

Allendesalazar Azpiroz, Manuel (1884-1957)

Associative relations :

Barbo, Teodoro (ingeniero militar)  ( It has as a member )

Bucarelli Ursúa, Francisco de Paula (1708-1780)  ( It has as a member )

Cardona Eril, Enrique de (ca.1546-?)  ( It has as a member )

Carrillo de Albornoz Montiel, José (1671-1747)  ( It has as a member )

Ceballos Cortés, Pedro de (1715-1778)  ( It has as a member )

Chacón Herrera, José María (1756-1838)  ( It has as a member )

Choquet de Isla, Diego (1743-1806)  ( It has as a member )

Colón de Toledo, Diego (1524-1546)  ( It has as a member )

Croix, Maximiliano de la (1698-?)  ( It has as a member )

Cuadra Llarena, Sebastián de la (1687-1766)  ( It has as a member )

Díez de Rivera Muro, Clara María  ( It has as a member )

Eslava de Lassaga, Rafael de (1688-1737)  ( It has as a member )

Eslava de Lassaga, Sebastián de (1685-1759)  ( It has as a member )

Espinosa de los Monteros Peña, Félix (1720-1778)  ( It has as a member )

Fernández de Hijar, Pedro Jorge  ( It has as a member )

Figueroa Torres, Gonzalo de (1861-1921)  ( It has as a member )

Girón Moctezuma y Ahumada, José (?-1815)  ( It has as a member )

Herrera Chacón, Miguel Antonio de  ( It has as a member )

Justiniani Echeverz, Francisco (1675-1739)  ( It has as a member )

Justiniani Echeverz, Pedro Antonio (1678-1710)  ( It has as a member )

Magallanes, Fernando de (1480-1521)  ( It has as a member )

Manrique de Zúñiga Sotomayor, Álvaro (ca. 1525-1604)  ( It has as a member )

Martínez de Pinillos Ugarte, Claudio Bernabé (1832-1858)  ( It has as a member )

Monreal Guzmán, José  ( It has as a member )

Núñez de Guzmán, Hernán (ca.1478-1553)  ( It has as a member )

Ortiz de Rozas, Domingo (1683-1756)  ( It has as a member )

Palafox Rebolledo, Jaime (?-1625)  ( It has as a member )

Pignatelli Moncayo Aragón, Joaquín Atanasio (1724-1776)  ( It has as a member )

Pimentel de Herrera, Juan Alfonso (1553-1621)  ( It has as a member; es Trece de la Orden )

Porlier Sáenz de Asteguieta, Esteban de (1768-1836)  ( It has as a member )

Porlier Sáenz de Asteguieta, Rosendo José Antonio (1771-1819)  ( It has as a member )

Quevedo Villegas, Francisco de (1580-1645)  ( It has as a member; Comendador de la Orden )

Rodríguez Bejarano, Jacinto (1752-1820)  ( It has as a member )

Rubio Godar, José (1729-?)  ( It has as a member )

Rubio Peñaranda, Francisco (1700-1773)  ( It has as a member )

Scals, José de (1658-?)  ( It has as a member )

Scals Torres, Gaspar de  ( It has as a member )

Solano Bote, José (1726-1806)  ( It has as a member )

Solano Ortiz de Rozas, Francisco María (1768-1808)  ( It has as a member )

Tilly García de Paredes, Francisco Javier Everardo (1711-1795)  ( It has as a member )

Vargas Mejía, Juan de (?-1580)  ( It has as a member )

Velasco Castilla, Luis (1539-1617)  ( It has as a member )

Wall Purcell, Edward (ca. 1730-1793)  ( It has as a member )

External Links

Obras publicadas:

VIAF

Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España