Corporate Body - Augustinians

Agustinos

Identification

Type:

Corporate Body

Fechas de Existencia:

1256-04-09

History:

Augustinian hermits (Calced Augustinians): They have their origins in the hermits of St. Augustine, which were the heirs of the monastic foundations in North Africa, from where they moved to Italy, France and Spain. The existence of the different independent hermitages that followed the rule of St. Augustine led the pope Alexander IV to their unification in 1256 (Great Union), becoming a Mendicant order under the command of a superior. The order was divided into 12 provinces, one of which was Hispania. The great development that acquired this province had as a consequence its division into four parts in 1527: Lusitania, Catalano-Aragonese, Castile and Andalusia (the Canary Islands and Philippines were later added to them). Their habits' relaxation led to the appearance of the Congregations of the Observance, such as the Congregation of the Observance in Spain (1431-1504), implemented by Brother Juan de Alarcón at the convent of Villanubla. The Augustinians taught at the universities of Alcala, Zaragoza, Osuna, Seville, Tarragona, La Laguna, Valencia and Salamanca. They also established missions in the Spanish possessions in Asia, America and Africa. The decrees of secularization in 1835 and 1836 suppressed all the Augustinian convents in Spain excepting the missionary school in Valladolid. However, in the second half of the 19th century, their presence was authorised again. In 1881, the province of Spain and its Antilles (which changed its name into province of Spain) were organized. The province of Philippines, the Matritense province and the new province, also known as province of Spain, were added to it. Furthermore, in 1885, the Augustinians were in charge of the monastery of San Lorenzo in El Escorial.

Augustinian Recollects (Discalced Augustinians): At the end of the 16th century, the Augustinian recollection movement appeared in order to strictly observe the rules and a more austere and contemplative life. In Spain, their first convent emerged in Talavera de la Reina (1588), whose regulations were written by Brother Luis de León. With the authorization of Pope Clement VIII, the recoleto convents became an autonomous province (1602) and, later, a congregation (1621), from where a new division of provinces appeared: Castile, Aragon, Andalusia and Philippines. On the 16th of September 1912, Pope Pius X made of Augustinian Recollects an independent order under their own Superior General.

Functions

(Function) He/She carries out/ perform:

Ejercicio de la penitencia

Mandates/Legal Sources

Description:

Real Decreto de 25 de julio de 1835 suprimiendo los monasterios y conventos de religiosos que no tengan 12 individuos profesos, de los cuales las dos terceras partes a lo menos sean de coro. Gaceta de Madrid núm. 211, de 29 de julio de 1835, páginas 841 a 842.

Real Decreto de 11 de octubre de 1835 suprimiendo los monacales. Gaceta de Madrid núm. 292, de 14 de octubre de 1835, página 1157.

Real Decreto de 9 de marzo de 1836 suprimiendo todos los monasterios, conventos, colegios, congregaciones y demás casas de comunidad o de instituto religioso de varones, inclusas las de clérigos seculares, y de las de las cuatro órdenes militares y S. Juan de Jerusalén, existentes en la Península, islas adyacentes y posesiones de España en África. Gaceta de Madrid núm. 444, de 10 de marzo de 1836, páginas 1 a 3.

Sources

Aldea Vaquero, Quintín, Marín Martínez, Tomás y Vives Gatell, José: Diccionario de historia eclesiástica de España.- Madrid, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 1972.

Estrada Robles, Basilio: Los agustinos ermitaños en España hasta el siglo XIX.- Madrid, Editorial Revista Agustiniana, 1988.

PARES: Código de referencia: ES.28079.AHN/3.1.1.2//

Related Authorities

Colegio de San Eufrasio de Jaén (España)  ( It has as a member )

Associative relations :

Colegio-convento de Nuestra Señora de la Vega de Salamanca (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Jesús Nazareno de Caudiel (Castellón, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de la Ascensión de Cervera de Pisuerga (Palencia, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de la Concepción de Albacete (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de la Encarnación de El Puerto de Santa María (Cádiz, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de la Encarnación de Madrid (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de la Encarnación de Málaga (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de la Madre de Dios de El Bonillo (Albacete, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de la Vera Cruz de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Gran Canaria, Las Palmas, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de los Santos de Villanubla (Valladolid, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora de Gracia de Casarrubios del Monte (Toledo, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora de Gracia de Fraga (Huesca, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora de Gracia de La Orotava (Tenerife, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora de Gracia de Mata de Cuéllar (Segovia, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora de Gracia de San Pablo de los Montes (Toledo, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora de Gracia de Toro (Zamora, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria de Colmenar (Málaga, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora de la Cerca de Santiago de Compostela (A Coruña, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora de la Fuensanta de Portillo (Valladolid, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora de la Loma de Campillo de Altobuey (Cuenca, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora de la Paz de Medina-Sidonia (Cádiz, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora de Loreto de Granada (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora de Loreto de Huesca (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora del Ave María de Talavera de la Reina (Toledo, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora del Paraíso de Chinchón (Madrid, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora del Pilar de Arenas de San Pedro (Ávila, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora del Puerto de Salmerón (Guadalajara, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora del Risco de Villatoro (Ávila, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora del Socorro de Caión (A Laracha, A Coruña, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora del Socorro de Jerez de la Frontera (Cádiz, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora del Socorro de Palma de Mallorca (Mallorca, Illes Balears, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Nuestra Señora del Socorro de Valencia (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Alcoy (Alicante, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Alicante (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Alzira (Valencia, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Azpeitia (Gipuzkoa, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Badajoz (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Barcelona (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Belchite (Zaragoza, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Bilbao (Bizkaia, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Burgos (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Cádiz (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Caspe (Zaragoza, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Castellón de la Plana (Castellón, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Castillo de Garcimuñoz (Cuenca, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Ciudad Rodrigo (Salamanca, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Córdoba (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Dueñas (Palencia, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Granada (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Guadix (Granada, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Haro (La Rioja, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustin de Huesca (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Icod de los Vinos (Tenerife, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Jaén (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Jerez de Los Caballeros (Badajoz, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Madrid (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Madrigal de las Altas Torres (Ávila, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Mansilla de las Mulas (León, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Medina del Campo (Valladolid, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Montilla (Córdoba, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Murcia (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Nava del Rey (Valladolid, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Orihuela (Alicante, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Ponferrada (León, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Pontedeume (A Coruña, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Salamanca (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Segovia (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Sevilla (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Valencia (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Valladolid (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Agustín de Zaragoza (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Esteban de Toledo (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Felipe el Real de Madrid (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Gabriel de Valladolid (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San José de Toledo (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Juan Bautista de Santa Fe (Granada, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Juan Bautista de Vilaflor de Chasna (Tenerife, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Juan de Letrán de Arcos de la Frontera (Cádiz, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Julián de Garachico (Tenerife, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Martín de Chiclana de la Frontera (Cádiz, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Nicasio de Alcaraz (Albacete, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Nicolás de Tolentino de Calatayud (Zaragoza, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Nicolás de Tolentino de Luque (Córdoba, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Nicolás de Tolentino de Valladolid (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Pedro y Santa Marta de La Vila Joiosa (Alicante, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Sebastián de Coín (Málaga, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Sebastián de Épila (Zaragoza, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de San Telmo de Vinaroz (Castellón, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Sant Agustí de Cervera (Lleida, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Santa Catalina de Antequera (Málaga, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Santa Catalina de Fontiveros (Ávila, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Santa Engracia de Carbajales de Alba (Zamora, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Santa Isabel de Huelma (Jaén, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Santa María de Formentera (Illes Balears, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Santa María de Jesús de Huécija (Almería, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Santa María de Regla de Chipiona (Cádiz, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Santa María Magdalena de Sarria (Lugo, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Santa Quiteria de Samper de Calanda (Teruel, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Santiago de Sanlúcar de Barrameda (Cádiz, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Santo Tomás de Villanueva de Fuenllana (Ciudad Real, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento de Santo Tomás de Villanueva de Zaragoza (España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento del Espíritu Santo de San Cristóbal de La Laguna (Tenerife, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento del Santísimo Sacramento de Almagro (Ciudad Real, España)  ( It has as a member )

Convento del Santo Cristo de Tacoronte (Tenerife, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, España)  ( It has as a member )

León, Luis de (1527-1591)  ( It has as a member )

Monasterio de Nuestra Señora de la Vid (La Vid y Barrios, Burgos, España)  ( It has as a member )

Monasterio de San Blas de Villaviciosa de Tajuña (Brihuega, Guadalajara, España)  ( It has as a member )

Monasterio de San Lorenzo de El Escorial (Madrid, España)  ( It has as a member )

Monasterio de San Millán de la Cogolla (La Rioja, España)  ( It has as a member )

Monasterio de Santa María de La Buenafuente del Sistal (Olmeda de Cobeta, Guadalajara, España)  ( It has as a member )

Monasterio de Santa María la Real de Párraces (Bercial, Segovia, España)  ( It has as a member )

Salamanca Polanco, Diego de (1519-ca. 1588)  ( It has as a member )

Urdaneta, Andrés de (1507-1568)  ( It has as a member )

External Links

Catálogo de Autoridades:

VIAF

Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de España

Fichero de Autoridades:

Biblioteca Nacional de Francia

Fichero de Autoridades:

Catálogo autoridades SUDOC

Fichero de Autoridades:

Catálogo autoridades DNB